November 1, 2018

See How Our Community is Doing With 9 Maps Showing Diferent LGBT Rights Around The World


Gays and lesbians throughout India rejoiced last month when a landmark court ruling made homosexuality legal in the country. 
While the decision may seem like a long time coming for those in the LGBTQ community, gay sex is still illegal in nearly 40% of countries in the United Nations, according to statistics released last year by the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA)
To understand how gay rights vary around the world, Business Insider created a set of maps that visualize which countries have legalized gay marriage and the countries where gay people can still be put to death, among other questions. 
The results show that while homosexuality is no longer outlawed in the majority of the world, there's still a long way to go in terms of acceptance and equality for LGBTQ people. 

Religion is an un-ignorable factor in the maps. While the majority of the world has legalized homosexuality, the countries where it is still outlawed are concentrated in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Africa — areas with majority-Muslim nations. 


 Religion is an un-ignorable factor in the maps. While the majority of the world has legalized homosexuality, the countries where it is still outlawed are concentrated in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Africa — areas with majority-Muslim nations. Shayanne Gal/Business Insider
According to the Associated Press, "Islamic scholars overwhelmingly teach that same-gender sex is a sin." 
The Quran teaches that homosexuality should be punished but doesn't detail how. The Prophet Muhammad is alleged to have been more explicit that homosexuals should be killed in some of his teachings. That's why some countries that implement sharia law (rules based on Islamic teachings) make homosexuality a capital crime. 

In fact, nearly all of the countries where homosexuality is technically still a capital crime are majority Muslim.


In fact, nearly all of the countries where homosexuality is technically still a capital crime are majority Muslim.Shayanne Gal/Business Insider
Nigeria is split between Christians in the south and Muslims in the north. Homosexuality only carries the death penalty for some states in the north. 
Source: ILGA

Only about 13% of UN member countries have legalized gay marriage.


Only about 13% of UN member countries have legalized gay marriage.Shayanne Gal/Business Insider
A few others — including Peru, Italy and Greece — have only legalized civil unions for same-sex partners so far. 
Source: ILGA  
Australia, Germany, and Malta were the most recent to adopt same-sex marriage, in 2017. The first country to do so was the Netherlands, in 2001.

Australia, Germany, and Malta were the most recent to adopt same-sex marriage, in 2017. The first country to do so was the Netherlands, in 2001.Shayanne Gal/Business Insider
Sources: ILGAFortune

Same-sex couples largely aren't allowed to adopt outside of the Americas and Europe.


Same-sex couples largely aren't allowed to adopt outside of the Americas and Europe.Shayanne Gal/Business Insider
South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand are exceptions to the rule. 
Joint adoption means a same-sex couple can adopt a child together. Second-parent adoption means that one member of a same-sex couple can adopt their partner's child (such as when one member of a lesbian couple gives birth). 
Source: ILGA 
Though it's too small to show up on the map, the Mediterranean island nation of Malta has also banned conversion therapies, in addition to Brazil and Ecuador.

Though it's too small to show up on the map, the Mediterranean island nation of Malta has also banned conversion therapies, in addition to Brazil and Ecuador.Shayanne Gal/Business Insider
Source: ILGA

Just 5% of UN member states have written it into their constitutions that sexual orientation-based discrimination is not allowed.


Just 5% of UN member states have written it into their constitutions that sexual orientation-based discrimination is not allowed.Shayanne Gal/Business Insider
Source: ILGA

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