Showing posts with label Indonesia. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Indonesia. Show all posts

September 30, 2019

To Get Use to Our Death Its Healthy / Would You Accept Your Relatives Stay in Your House After Passing Like in Indonesia?




Editor's note: This story contains images that some readers may find disturbing.
As a host, 90-year-old Alfrida Lantong is somewhat passive. Lying resolutely on her back and gazing up through a pair of thick, dusty spectacles, she roundly ignores her son's murmured greeting as he enters the room and pays little heed to the gaggle of grandchildren clustered around her.
But Alfrida can hardly be blamed for her unresponsiveness. After all, she has been dead for the last seven years.

Alfrida is of the Toraja people of southern Sulawesi in Indonesia, for whom the line between life and death is not black and white. Though her heart stopped beating in 2012, as far as her family is concerned, she is only to macula, which translates loosely as "sick." They still visit her regularly, talk to her and bring her three meals a day, which they leave on the floor.
After saying goodbye, Alfrida's son, Mesak, covers her with a light veil and closes the lid of her coffin before exiting the room. He will visit her again at supper time. "We would miss her if she didn't still live here," says the 47-year-old. "She looked after us our whole lives, so now it is important that we look after her too."

Beyond her silent companionship, one of the reasons Alfrida still lives with her family is that even after seven years, preparations for her funeral are not yet complete. In Torajan culture, a person's funeral is the most important day of his or her life. Funerals can be so expensive that successive generations will be saddled with crippling debt. The events can last a week and involve the slaughter of hundreds of livestock.
 
"We need more time to save," says Mesak, whose family belongs to what he calls the "noble" class in the stratified Torajan caste system. "The community would not respect us if we did a small funeral. We must sacrifice many buffalo."
Toraja country stretches for hundreds of miles across the mountainous interior of Sulawesi, a land of verdant hills and scattered villages connected by a network of dirt tracks that wind their way through lush rice paddies and patches of thick forest. It is an enclave of Christianity in a predominantly Muslim country, although traditional beliefs remain prevalent. Especially when it comes to death.
Throughout most of the world, death is a topic that generally inspires dread. It marks the sudden and irreversible rupture of a person from their loved ones. Even if one believes in an afterlife, the immediate severing of the connection between the dead and the living is absolute. When anthropomorphized in popular culture, death is often depicted as a malevolent entity, the sinister black-cloaked figure clutching a scythe.
Not so in Tana Toraja, the land where the Torajans live. Here, death is not something to shy away from. It is an all-pervading presence in day-to-day life, inscribed into the landscape in eerie wooden tau-tau statues, commissioned by the bereaved to remember the dead, and into the social calendar, which revolves heavily around funerals.
Death is even central to the economy: Families often save for years so they can afford the elaborate exchanges of gifts, money and freshly slaughtered meat that take place during the events, which are seen as a key means of redistributing wealth in Torajan society.
Death provides livelihoods for thousands of people here, both in the tourism sector and in funeral-related businesses. That includes the farmhands who look after the exorbitantly expensive sacrificial buffaloes, the restaurants and hotels springing up in the town of Rantepao and the artisans who craft the wooden tau-tau statues that adorn graves.
These statues — which range in appearance from highly stylized to disconcertingly lifelike — are a prominent feature of the caves, outcrops and escarpments that dot the countryside. For Jeffrey Maguling, a young tau-tau carver whose family has been in the business for four generations, the statues are an art form as well as a source of income.
"I don't just copy photos of the dead person," says Maguling, who works from a small wooden shack by the roadside south of Rantepao. "I try to capture the person's character. It takes me about 10 days to make one." And he can sell a statue for about 15 million rupiah, or $1,100.
"There's more demand than in my father's time," he adds. "The population has grown, so there are more people dying. It makes me happy when my clients like the tau-tau. But I will always share their sadness."
It's not that Torajans don't mourn their loved ones. But the process is softened by the gradual — and never-ending — nature of the transition from one world to another in Torajan cosmology. Even after people are buried, they are not really gone. Their tau-tau statues continue to stand tall on their cliff-top perches, eternally surveying the bustling land of the living below.
In some communities, to show respect, the dead are exhumed every few years and dressed in fresh clothes, often with a new pair of sunglasses, as if their pride over their appearance had not expired with their bodies.
And when a baby dies, the body is sometimes buried in a hole carved out of the trunk of a tree so that the two may live on and grow together.

In a village near Alfrida Lantong's home, set on a steep hillside above a sea of brilliant apple-green paddies, another Torajan family is making last-minute preparations for its big day. The "sick" man, Lucas Ruruk, was a farmer from one of the middle social classes. His funeral will be of average size by Torajan standards. Yet the family is still expecting 5,000 guests and estimates that the event, which will last several days, will cost roughly 250 million rupiah (around $18,000). That's roughly five times the average yearly income in Indonesia.

"We're sad about the funeral," says Ruruk's 28-year-old son, Izak Sapan. "But it is the most important day in my father's life. It is when his soul will make the journey to heaven."
His father lies upstairs in his bedroom, dressed immaculately in a dark suit and tie and a white shirt with floral designs on the collar. He died the previous month and has been lying here receiving visitors ever since. Shortly after death, his body was injected with a formaldehyde solution to prevent it from decomposing, as is the local custom.

The next morning, Ruruk's home is a scene of pandemonium. Trussed-up pigs are carried in squealing on bamboo stretchers while vendors set up stalls by the entrance selling soft drinks, snacks and cigarettes to the arriving guests. As the event gets underway, buffaloes are led out to have their throats slit in front of a transfixed crowd. A DJ plays local ballads, and a group of women performs traditional dances as the ground slowly turns scarlet with blood. A video crew hired by the family records the scene.

So too do approximately 100 tourists, both local and international, clutching cameras as they trail behind their guides. The idea of tourists traveling hundreds of miles to attend a stranger's funeral may seem somewhat jarring. But on the whole, their presence is welcomed by Torajan families, who believe that a well-attended funeral bestows honor on the deceased.
"We are happy that many foreigners have come," says the dead man's nephew, Suande. "It means we can share our sadness with many people, and it shows respect for my uncle."
The area has become one of the biggest tourist destinations on the island of Sulawesi. August is a particularly busy time for local guesthouses, with a surge of tourists turning up to watch the manene event, during which bodies are removed from their graves, redressed in fresh clothes and sometimes carried around the village before being laid back to rest for another few years.
On a recent Monday, tourists streamed like ants up and down a steep track clinging to the side of a cliff in the village of Kete Kesu, where hundreds of bodies are buried. They ogled the piles of skulls and bones that lay in hollowed-out tree trunks along the route and used their cellphones to light up the inside of burial caves. Some posed for photos beside the remains, unsure whether to smile or look serious.
Back in Alfrida Lantong's household, the endless saving continues. Her son estimates that the event will cost over a billion rupiah (about $73,800).
"But we don't even think about the cost," Mesak, her son, says. "She will be traveling to the realm of the soul, and we must send her off in our own way. It is our Torajan culture. It is what we do."


Tommy Trenchard and Aurélie Marrier d'Unienville are independent photojournalists based in Cape Town, South Africa. They have previously collaborated on projects ranging from conservation gone wrong in Uganda to the changing lives of Indonesia's sea nomads to the fight against ISIS in Iraq. 

October 23, 2018

Two Men Arrested for Creating a Facebook Page for Gays in Indonesia







JAKARTA, INDONESIA: 
Indonesia has arrested two people in Java island for running a Facebook page for gays, accusing them of publishing pornography, the media reported today.
In 2015, the couple had set up a Facebook page "Gay Bandung Indonesia", with more than 4,000 members.
West Java police spokesperson Trunoyudo Wisnu Andiko told Efe news that the two were arrested on Thursday and those investigations by the public prosecutor's office were underway.
Once they are formally charged under the Law on Electronic Information and Transactions (EIT), the two could face a maximum of six years in prison and a fine of up to one billion rupiahs ($66,000) if convicted.
According to Andreas Harsono of Human Rights Watch Indonesia, this was the first time that the EIT law was being used against the LGBT community.
It was earlier used to crack down on pornography, he added.
Aceh, in Sumatra island, is the only province in Indonesia where homosexuality is illegal.
The arrests are being seen as yet another assault on the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community in the country.

In February, the country's Information Ministry had blocked more than 200 mobile applications and websites with content related to homosexuality.

Indo-Asian News Service 

July 3, 2018

The Ignorant Fools in Indonesia's Gov Do Not Know Their LGBT Crack Down Has Resulted in An HIV Epidemic


 Stupidity goes well with ignorance and bigotry. How would you like people to treat you?

"There is very little homophobia left for those who educated themselves now what is left is stupidity and ignorance."


You will figure than in this day and age a leader of a country would know that cracking down on the LGBTQ Community spreads HIV which becomes AIDS. WHY? Because if you are afraid of the government and the institutions you are not going to get tested and this will make the virus to spread. Not knowing is Death. It happened in the US, UK  in Millions and lastly in Russia and China and Now in Indonesia. In the Phillipines the governemnt change the way they were going in treatment of HIV.  But heir previous behaviour towards LGBT and drug users is cost them to have at least half of the population be HIV. They have been lucky to have had the Clinton Foundation, Bill Gates and others. Still the costs associated with that should have taught them what a stupid thing is to follow that bigotted close minded policy. Now be prepared to pay for medicines and hospitalizartion and loosing a big part of your poppulation (both straight and gay).

🦊Adam





[By SUYIN HAYNES at TIME]
new report by Human Rights Watch has found that persecution against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communities in the world’s largest Muslim democracy is fueling a public health crisis and contributing to the spread of HIV.
Since 2016, police raids and arrests at private spaces such as clubs, saunas and salons have increased, alongside anti-LGBT rhetoric from government officials and state spokespersons. The report notes that these raids and state-led hostility poses a fundamental challenge to HIV outreach workers, who use these venues as safe spaces to carry out their work with LGBT communities through education programs on prevention and transmission, counseling support services and distribution of condoms and HIV testing kits.
“What’s shifted in the last two years is that the government and police have made it abundantly clear that it’s perfectly okay to hate LGBT people and to act on it,” Kyle Knight, LGBT rights researcher at Human Rights Watch and author of the report, tells TIME. “Unless certain steps are taken to dial back on these raids, to create safe spaces for those to gather to gain information, to get safety, sense of dignity, community and privacy, this will spin out of control not just from a human rights perspective, but also from a public health perspective.”

HIV rates among gay men in Indonesia have increased five-fold from 5% in 2007 to 25% in 2015, according to government and UNAIDS data. Outreach workers and human rights observers worry that without access to education and other services — exacerbated by spiraling anti-LGBT rhetoric — the HIV epidemic among gay Indonesian men will become increasingly worse, particularly in major urban centers such as Denpasar and Jakarta. 
Dede Oetomo is an activist and founder of gay rights group Gaya Nusantara who has spearheaded Indonesia’s gay rights movement for over 30 years. Speaking to TIME after delivering a training session with local outreach workers, he says the changes in Indonesia’s environment for LGBT people have affected the way he carries out his work. “Starting with democratization in 1998, that gave us hope that we could do our activities in the democratic way, and that we could demand change and legislation. Just this morning I saw an old newspaper article that was from 10 years ago, when we were able to do a national training for activists in the open. There were no secrets about it,” he says. “Now, starting around 2015, the situation has changed. It’s difficult to publicize our training and programs, so we have to do things on a smaller scale.” He says his organization can’t even post pictures on social media: “If we are too open, we might be stopped by Islamist groups, ironically with the help of the police.” Oetomo says that in recent years, Gaya Nusantara has had some of its campaigns and events canceled and reported to the police.  

A nationwide anti-LGBT “moral panic” is making outreach to these vulnerable populations much harder, HRW found, making the spread of the disease more likely. According to the report, only 50% of gay men have ever tested for HIV and out of those infected and in need of antiretroviral drugs, only 9% are currently taking the medication.
Off the back of recent provincial elections, and ahead of presidential elections next year, observers say the issue is being used to score political points. A proposed revision to the country’s criminal code that would outlaw same sex relations and sex outside marriage has been under debate since January, and was condemned by the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights as “inherently discriminatory.” Currently, the ultra-conservative Aceh province is the only part of Indonesia where consensual same-sex relationships are illegal.

“Criminalization and prosecution of the LGBT community is still persistent and has become more widespread in the last three years, as they have been political years in Indonesia,” says Ignatius Praptoraharjo, a researcher at the Center for HIV and AIDS research, Atma Jaya University of Jakarta. “Politicians are trying to use moral issues to get votes from the general public for the governor, president and mayoral elections.”
Combined with the crackdown and heightened discrimination against LGBT people, the impending health crisis threatens to force the community into total retreat. “The LGBT community in Indonesia has undergone a complete character assassination, and at a pragmatic level, outreach workers simply don’t know where to go,” Knight says, referring to the fear of raids from both vigilante groups and state security forces. “Those two fundamental shifts have left people concerned and completely anxious."

April 4, 2018

Band of Religious Zealots Arrested 4 Men for Suspicion of Having Sex With Other Men



(Indonesia) Canning a man on suspision of being gay (or having sex with another man)


BANDA ACEH, Indonesia (Reuters) 
Rights activists called on Tuesday for Indonesia’s Aceh province to release four people detained on suspicion of having homosexual sex, amid concerns over the persecution of the LGBT community in the world’s third-largest democracy.
Secular Indonesia is predominantly Muslim but ultra-conservative Aceh is the only province to follow sharia, or Islamic law, and criminalise gay sex. 
Indonesia’s parliament is currently debating revisions to the national criminal code that could criminalise all sex outside marriage, including same-sex relations. Many believe the new rules could be used to unfairly target the LGBT community and other minority groups.
Authorities said the four suspects were rounded up by vigilantes and police and, if convicted, could face up to 100 lashes in public.
“We are completing their files and will soon hand over to prosecutors,” said Marzuki, head of sharia police investigations in the provincial capital, Banda Aceh. 
Human Rights Watch said the punishment “constitutes torture under international human rights law”.
“Acehnese authorities should release the four and protect the public from marauding vigilantes who target vulnerable minorities,” said Graeme Reid, director of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights programme at Human Rights Watch. 
The provincial and central governments drew international condemnation last year when, for the first time, Aceh authorities publicly caned two men who were convicted under the province’s anti-homosexuality laws, which were introduced in 2014. 
Vigilantes and religious police in Aceh often raid homes and places of work and detain people on suspicion of engaging in homosexual activity.
Aceh police detained 12 transgender women earlier this year and publicly shamed them by forcing them to cut their hair and dress in “masculine” clothing.
They were later released without charge, but activists say many have since gone into hiding for fear of further raids.
(Reporting by
 stringer in BANDA ACEH; Additional reporting and writing by Kanupriya Kapoor)
These crazies don't just go for gays. Time reported the following story in 2014 and thngs have not change much since then  because things change very slowly in these small provinces in Indonesia; What comes quickly is the dishing out of the punishment, many times on suspision only.

It all began when a group of eight men raided a woman’s home last week and caught a 25-year-old widow with a married man. Accusing them of adultery, the vigilantes, who included a 13-year-old boy, beat up the 40-year-old man, gang-raped the woman and doused the two with sewage before turning them over to the Shari‘a police.
Despite what happened, the Shari‘a police in Langsa, in the Indonesian province of Aceh, said it wouldn’t show any leniency and insisted the woman, along with her companion, would be caned in public for alleged adultery.
“They violated the religious bylaw on sexual relations,” the local Shari‘a police chief Ibrahim Latif told local media on Tuesday. “They have to be [caned] as a form of justice. The rapists will also be processed, but in a criminal court.”

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February 9, 2018

UN H.R. Chief Condemns and Warns Indonesia About Proposal to Criminalize Gays




During his three-day visit to Indonesia this week, United Nations human rights chief Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein criticized the Indonesian parliament’s proposal to criminalize gay and premarital sex, as reported by Reuters
Zeid believes that this proposal is ‘discriminatory’, stating in a news briefing on Wednesday:
“The hateful rhetoric against the LGBT community that is being cultivated seemingly for cynical political purposes will only deepen their suffering and create unnecessary divisions.”
This comes after the Indonesian parliament’s proposed revision of a Dutch colonial-era criminal code, which, if approved, will outlaw gay sex, extramarital sex, and cohabitation outside of marriage.
As of today, apart from the conservative Islamic province of Aceh, Indonesian law does not regulate homosexuality. However, in recent years, the country has experienced a rise in hostility toward the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. 
Activists have raised concerns that the proposed rules could violate basic human rights, but top officials, including President Joko Widodo himself, have said that the country’s cultural and religious norms do not support the LGBT movement.
The proposed rules have gained support from the majority of the members of parliament. Very few politicians have stood in protest, for fear of losing the largely conservative voter base for the upcoming legislative and presidential elections next year.
Zeid, who has been in this United Nations post since 2014, said that he raised these issues with President Joko Widodo during his visit, and has urged Indonesia to address past events and other human rights violations occurring in the country, including the use of death penalty.
“There are some dark clouds on the horizon but … I hope the common sense and strong tradition of tolerance of the Indonesian people will prevail over populism and political opportunism,” Zeid said.
Photo courtesy of Voaindonesia.com
For further reading on this proposed law, click here

adamfoxie🦊 Celebrating 10 years of keeping an eye on the world for You

adamfoxie.blogspot.com brings you the important LGBT news others ignore. Does not repost from gay sites [except out.sports.com only when importat athlete comes out].Will post popular items with a different angle or to contribute to our readers🦊





January 30, 2018

Transgender Women in Indonesia Detained After Forced Hair Cuts


A man cuts the hair of two transgender women, their faces blurred
The transgender women were forced to have their hair cut short

Image copyright  

This was posted by By BBC Indonesian
Several beauty salons in Aceh province were raided over the weekend and transgender women working there taken to the local police station. 
The transgender women, who were also forced to wear men's clothes, will be held for three days.
Aceh is the only province in Indonesia that has strict Islamic religious law.
The move has been condemned by human rights groups.
Transgender women are known locally as waria, a word that combines the Indonesian words for men and women.
Local Police Chief Ahmad Untung Surianata told the BBC: "We are holding them for three days to give them counseling and coaching. It's going well and now they are all acting like real men."
While on the phone to the BBC, he yelled at the transgender women: "Are you still waria now?"
The transgender women lying on the floor, surrounded by police officers, after being arrested
Police raided the salons late on Saturday
They replied quietly, sounding clearly under pressure, that they were not.
Image copyright 
Police in Indonesia has detained 12 transgender women, cutting their long hair and saying they were "coaching" them to behave like "real men".
He said his team had carried out the raid, dubbed "Operation Anti Moral Illness", after neighbours complained about the "negative influence" the transgender community could have on their children. 
The Indonesian National Commission of Human Rights has condemned the raids, saying the police acted outside the law and their actions were inhuman.  
"All citizens deserve protection and to be treated equally," Commissioner Beka Ulung Hapsara told the BBC.
"After seeing photos of the raid and the information we have received so far about the raid, it's clear that they violated the police code of conduct. The job of the police should be to protect people, particularly the vulnerable." 
Aceh was granted special rights to introduce its own stricter Islamic laws more than a decade ago, and has become increasingly conservative in recent years.
While it is not against Sharia in Aceh to be transgender, gay sex is illegal, and last year two men became the first couple to be publicly caned for the act. Indonesia as a whole has a long and vibrant transgender culture and tradition, which has historically broadly been met with tolerance from the public, BBC Indonesian editor Rebecca Henschke reports. 
Members of a boarding school for transgender people perform during a fashion contest
 Transgender culture is accepted in other parts of Indonesia

In some parts of the archipelago, waria are revered as divine people.
But in recent years there has been rising anti-LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) sentiment across the country, with a wave of hatred directed towards the community from religious leaders and some of the country's leading politicians.
Even in the capital Jakarta - once a relatively safe space - police have carried out a series of raids on bars popular with the LGBT community, and jailed gay men caught in them under the country's controversial pornography laws.

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