Showing posts with label North Korea. Show all posts
Showing posts with label North Korea. Show all posts

June 28, 2018

North Korea is Rushing The Upgrading of Nuclear Reactors, Despite Trump Summit





Part of North Korea's Yongbyon nuclear research site, in a satellite image captured on June 21 by Airbus Defence & Space.
Part of North Korea's Yongbyon nuclear research site, in a satellite image captured on June 21 by Airbus Defence & Space. PHOTO: AIRBUS DEFENCE & SPACE/38 NORTH
SEOUL—North Korea is continuing to develop infrastructure at its nuclear research center at a rapid pace, according to new satellite imagery of the facility, even as the U.S. looks for concrete steps by Pyongyang toward denuclearization.
The analysis, published by 38 North, a North Korea-focused website published by the Stimson Center in Washington, found that Pyongyang appeared to have modified the cooling system of its plutonium-production reactor and erected a new building near the cooling tower. New construction could also be observed at the site’s experimental light-water reactor, based on the images captured last week.
While the images appear to show no immediate effort by the North to begin denuclearization at its key nuclear research site, experts cautioned against relying solely on the satellite pictures as proof of duplicity on the regime’s part.

The Trump-Kim Summit: Big Promises, Little Substance
At an unprecedented summit in Singapore, Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un displayed friendliness, but talks offered few specifics on denuclearization. WSJ's Eun-Young Jeong reports from the city-state. Illustration: Sharon Shi

 

President Donald Trumpsaid after meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un on June 12 in Singapore that he believed Mr. Kim had committed to complete denuclearization and that “he will start that process right away.”
“We will do it as fast as it can mechanically and physically be done,” he said at the time.
The 38 North analysts, Frank Pabian, Joseph Bermudez and Jack Liu, said that while construction has proceeded after the North’s latest commitment to disarm, they expected it to be “business as usual” at the nuclear facility “until specific orders are issued from Pyongyang.”
“These infrastructure developments provide limited insight into the future direction of North Korea’s nuclear program,” said Andrea Berger, a London-based senior research associate at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, Calif. “However, they highlight the likelihood that North Korea has not pressed pause on its general nuclear and missile activities while talks are ongoing.”
Among the findings of the 38 North report was that the necessary infrastructure for the North to begin operations at its experimental light-water reactor “appear externally complete,” though it wasn’t clear whether operations had begun. The analysis was based on commercial satellite imagery of the North’s Yongbyon nuclear research site captured on June 21 by Airbus Defence & Space.
Ahead of the Singapore summit with Mr. Trump, North Korea invited journalists to watch it blow up its Punggye-ri nuclear test site in its mountainous northeast as a show of its good faith. North Korea didn’t invite any experts, some of whom had previously said that the site was likely already unusable.
Mr. Kim had said in April that he considered the country’s nuclear program complete, and that no further tests were needed.
Separately, Mr. Trump told reporters in Singapore that Mr. Kim had told him North Korea was destroying a “major missile-engine testing site,” which he described as another sign of North Korea’s sincerity in denuclearizing.
Write to Jonathan Cheng at jonathan.cheng@wsj.com

June 19, 2018

Susan Rice, "Kim Jong Un Beat Trump at Meeting"




🦊 He came out with the meeting with the korean "Rocket Man" with pants on but without his wallet nor underwear. But Guess what? He is winning with the hearrtless 35% on caging kids. What a man!
What a country!

November 24, 2017

Video Shows How North Korean Border Guard Dashes to Freedom or Death


NPR by 




Newly released closed-circuit television footage shows a North Korean
soldier sprinting south across the border last week while his fellow soldiers fire on him.
Screengrab by NPR/United Nations Command
The closed-circuit television footage is silent, but that makes it no less dramatic.
A jeep speeds through the North Korean countryside, crossing what is known as the 72-Hour Bridge.
Inside the vehicle is a North Korean soldier, making a desperate escape. All but the headlights disappear behind tree cover. 
The video changes. We see North Korean soldiers running from their posts.
The video shifts again. The jeep is stuck in a ditch. The driver leaps from it, and he sprints south under gunfire from his fellow soldiers. In a separate frame, we see him run across the border.
In pursuit, a North Korean soldier also runs across the border. He looks down and seems to realize what he has done. He turns around and dodges behind a building on the North Korean side.
The episode transpired on Nov. 13 in the Joint Security Area, according to The Associated Press.
Infrared video shows South Korean soldiers 40 minutes later, crawling toward the defector, who lies wounded about 55 yards south of the border. They drag him to safety; he is then taken aboard a U.S. Black Hawk military helicopter and rushed into surgery at a hospital near Seoul.


The Joint Security Area is the only portion of the border where soldiers from the two countries stand just feet apart — and this is one of the only areas where a sprint across is feasible, The New York Times reports. The last time a North Korean soldier defected across the Joint Security Area was 2007.
Footage of the incident was released this week by the American-led United Nations Command, which administers the site on the southern side of the border. The Joint Security Area lies within the Demilitarized Zone.
The U.N. Command said that it had completed its investigation of the incident and that the North Korean army had violated the U.N. Armistice Agreement twice: by firing weapons across the border and when the North Korean soldier briefly crossed the border chasing the defector.
Gen. Vincent Brooks, the American who leads the U.N. Command, said in a statementdated Tuesday that the battalion acted "in a manner that is consistent with the Armistice Agreement, namely — to respect the Demilitarized Zone and to take actions that deter a resumption of hostilities. The armistice agreement was challenged, but it remains in place."
The defector is being identified only with the surname Oh, according to Reuters. In the gunfire during his escape, he was shot five times.
Dr. Lee Cook-jong, a surgeon who treated Oh after his escape, told outlets, including the Times, that when doctors performed surgery on his intestinal wounds, they found parasitic worms 11 inches long.
"In my 20 years as a surgeon, I have only seen something like this in a medical textbook," Lee said.
But the Times reports that the parasites should come as no surprise:
"Defectors to the South have cited the existence of parasites and abysmal nutrition. Because it lacks chemical fertilizers, North Korea still relies on human excrement to fertilize its fields, helping parasites to spread, the experts said.
"In a 2014 study, South Korean doctors checked a sample of 17 female defectors from North Korea and found seven of them infected with parasitic worms."
Lee told a news conference on Wednesday that the man had regained consciousness and was now stable.
"He is fine," Lee said, according to Reuters. "He's not going to die."

August 20, 2017

How Was North Korea Allowed to Go Nuclear? The Road to The Nuke






Tensions between the United States and North Korea appear to be reaching a boiling point.

On the one hand, President Donald Trump made it clear that America will respond with “fire and fury like the world has never seen,” should North Korea continue its threats. On the other hand, North Korea is reportedly examining Guam as a potential target for a missile attack.

There are currently six thousand U.S. military personnel on Guam — an island 2,231 miles away from North Korea.

Further, a report came out on Tuesday indicating that North Korea successfully developed miniaturized nuclear warheads capable of fitting inside their missiles... and reaching the U.S.

The Arms Control Association estimates that North Korea has up to ten nuclear weapons in its stockpile. But the path to them becoming a nuclear threat began long before the Trump, Obama, or Bush administrations.

In 1993, a U.S. satellite picked up an image at a facility in Yongbyon that gave cause for alarm. The image revealed a plant with the capability to develop weapons-grade plutonium — a vital ingredient in nuclear weapons.

As a result — William Perry — Clinton's Secretary of Defense drew up a plan to take out the Yongbyon plant with F-117s — which at the time was the primary stealth aircraft in the U.S. arsenal. In 1994, it appeared that the decision to strike might be given the green light.

The attack never happened, though. Perry had concerns about the blowback that would fall on South Korea following such an operation.

At the time, North Korea was ill-prepared for any military engagement, as its chief economic supporter, the former USSR, had greatly reduced its financial relationship with the East Asian state. Moscow itself was still reeling from the collapse of the Soviet Union two years prior, and North Korea was about to face another beast in itself: a famine that would kill one-to-three million of its people.

After weighing the options for about a year, the Clinton administration picked diplomacy. On October 18, 1994, Clinton announced the United States had made a deal with North Korea. In exchange for freezing its nuclear program, Clinton offered 4 billion in energy aid to the struggling nation (costs which Japan and South Korea would later fulfill) and two state-of-the-art nuclear electric generating plants.

Clinton said:

Good afternoon. I am pleased that the United States and North Korea yesterday reached agreement on the text of a framework document on North Korea's nuclear program. This agreement will help to achieve a longstanding and vital American objective: an end to the threat of nuclear proliferation on the Korean Peninsula.

This agreement is good for the United States, good for our allies, and good for the safety of the entire world. It reduces the danger of the threat of nuclear spreading in the region. It's a crucial step toward drawing North Korea into the global community.

But North Korea never planned to keep to the terms of the deal. The agreement crumbled in 2002, and in 2003, North Korea withdrew from Non-Proliferation Treaty, echoing the position it had in 1994, before Clinton's failed diplomatic effort was put into play.

Its first nuclear test happened in 2006 with materials produced from the facility Clinton's senior military leaders were thinking of destroying in 1994 — Yongbyon.

Following the test in 2006, the New York Times reported:

Three years ago, just as President Bush was sending American troops toward Iraq, the North threw out the few remaining weapons inspectors living at their nuclear complex in Yongbyon, and moved 8,000 nuclear fuel rods they had kept under lock and key.

Those rods contained enough plutonium, experts said, to produce five or six nuclear weapons, though it is unclear how many the North now stockpiles.

In fact, the Yongbyon site would become the beacon of North Korea's nuclear program. The biggest concern regarding the facility is its desire to produce a uranium-based device.

At this time, there is no evidence to back up North Korea's claim of possessing thermonuclear weapons. To confirm such a claim, air particles in the atmosphere would need to be analyzed. Regardless, North Korea claims to have a hydrogen bomb after its 2016 underground nuclear test, though, U.S. intelligence only believes they have atomic weapons in their possession.

Such news would be cause for concern, as hydrogen bombs are much deadlier and destructive than atom bombs.

According to The Diplomat, North Korea's nuclear efforts rely on Yongbyon:

An assessment by experts from the U.S.-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins University and the National Defense University released last year outlines several scenarios for nuclear stockpile growth in North Korea, most hinging on the country’s ability to steadily use Yongbyon and other facilities to generate plutonium and possibly uranium.

A U.S. intelligence analyst, who asked to remain anonymous, emphasized just how significant the Yongbyon site is.

“The DPRK is a state with few resources. They have little to trade, and land is at a premium. Though they can squirrel some things around, the country['s] resources limit that ability. Effectively they have to put most of their most valuable eggs into one, vulnerable and well-known basket: Yongbyon.” The analyst continued, “Yongbyon is absolutely critical. Take it out, and it's game over for North Korea's nuclear program.”

While we can't go back and change the past, we can learn from it. The Clinton administration put a Band-Aid on an arterial bleed. 23 years later, here we are with a nuclear-armed North Korea and tensions on the peninsula at a fever pitch.




Independant journal Review



June 19, 2017

Otto Warmbier,Declared Dead But The N.Koreans Had killed him Before He Left


 Otto Wambier Feb 2016 at hands of his killers
They killed this young man for no reason what so ever but then killing is so natural there and life has no meaning at all for everyone but their leaders. adamfoxie

Otto Warmbier, the American student who was in a coma after his release from captivity in North Korea, has died, his family said in a statement.
"It is our sad duty to report that our son, Otto Warmbier, has completed his journey home," read a statement signed by his parents, Fred and Cindy. "Although we would never hear his voice again, within a day of the countenance of his face changed — he was at peace," they wrote. "He was home and we believe he could sense that."
The North Korean government said the University of Virginia student, who was held for 17 months, fell into a coma after contracting botulism and ingesting a sleeping pill. But doctors at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center have disputed this assessment and said there was "no evidence" of "active botulism."
North Korea detained Warmbier in January 2016 after he was accused of a "hostile act" while on a group tour of the reclusive and rogue state. Warmbier was accused of stealing a poster at his hotel in Pyongyang, and after a short trial, Warmbier read a prepared statement and cried. He was sentenced to 15 years of prison and hard labor.
A statement from President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump offered their condolences to the Warmbier family. "Otto's fate deepens my Administration's determination to prevent such tragedies from befalling innocent people at the hands of regimes that do not respect the rule of law or basic human decency," the statement read.
Sen. John McCain went further.
"Let us state the facts plainly: Otto Warmbier, an American citizen, was murdered by the Kim Jong-un regime," the Republican from Arizona said in a statement. "In the final year of his life, he lived the nightmare in which the North Korean people have been trapped for 70 years: forced labor, mass starvation, systematic cruelty, torture, and murder."  





Warmbier before reading a statement in February 2016, in Pyongyang, North Korea.

Kim Kwang Hyon / AP
Warmbier before reading a statement in February 2016, in Pyongyang, North Korea.
Warmbier was released last Tuesday and was immediately taken to the University of Cincinnati Medical Center, where doctors later said he was unresponsive to verbal cues and had not spoken.
According to his doctors — who said they were unaware of the treatment he received — brain scans sent from North Korea in April 2016 indicated that a brain injury likely occurred weeks prior.
"Even if you believe their explanation of botulism and a sleeping pill causing the coma — and we don't — there is no excuse for any civilized nation to have kept his condition secret and denied him top-notch medical care for so long," said his father, Fred Warmbier, at a press conference last Thursday. Warmbier's father, Fred, also said that he had only recently learned that his son was in a coma for nearly his entire imprisonment.
"There's no excuse for the way the North Koreans treated our son and no excuse for the way they have treated so many others," Fred said.
Talal Ansari
Talal Ansari

May 3, 2017

Major Eastern Cities Within Range of North Korea Missiles


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