Showing posts with label Men’s Health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Men’s Health. Show all posts

June 22, 2020

Why Men Die By The Numbers



Men, men...have always been 'Men'. Nortured by their mom's if lucky to have one and directed by their dads, if lucky to have one that was a non selfish smart one. And We know how men live but let's see how they, we..... die.  I'll see you on the other side. Adam


 Gay Berlin 1935




Statistics show that the most common cause of death in males is heart disease. But will this hold true when breaking down the data by age or ethnicity?  
Why do men die?
Men’s health lags significantly behind women’s health, not just in the public eye, but also as a focus for the medical profession.
Do males die sooner than females? And is a Black male likely to die from the same cause as a White male?
In a Special Feature article, we explore the leading health risks in males and delve deeper into the data, breaking it down into relevant sections by age and ethnicity. 
We also explore why research into men’s health should include males from all walks to life. 

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), heart disease is the top killer when analyzing data from males of all age groups and ethnicities in a large 2017 data set for the United States. Nearly one-quarter of death in males is due to heart disease. 
But, to understand the full picture, it makes more sense to look at the data broken down by ageor ethnicity, as this changes the landscape quite significantly.
While heart disease may be the most common reason for death in all males taken together, accidents occupy the top spot for those under 45 years of age. In males between the ages of 45 and 85, it is cancer. Once men reach 85 years old, heart disease is the most common cause of death.
In males under 45 years, suicide is the second most common reason for death, while in males between the ages of 45 and 64, it is the sixth most common reason. 
In males over 65 years, suicide is not one of the 10 most common reasons. 
The third most common cause of death in males under 20 years of age is homicide. Between the ages of 20 and 44, homicide is in fourth position, while it drops out of the list of the top 10 in males over 45 years.
When breaking down the data by ethnicity, heart disease once again takes the top spot for males of all ages, with cancer coming in second position, except for Asian or Pacific Islanders where they are the other way around.  The leading causes of death in men in the United States, 2017. Source:CDC
The third most common cause of death is accidents in all males, except for Asian or Pacific Islanders, where it is stroke.
In position four, the reasons for dying become significantly more diverse. For all males taken together, as well as for white males as a subgroup, it is chronic lower respiratory diseases. For Black males, it is homicide, while for American Indian or Alaska Native males, it is diabetes, for Asian or Pacific Islander males, it is accidents, and for Hispanic males, it is stroke. 
Suicide features in eighth position for Asian or Pacific Islander and white males, in sixth position for American Indian or Alaska Native males, and in seventh position for Hispanic males. It is not in the 10 most common reasons for death for Black males.  
The wider view of male health 
Rank White Black American  Indian or  Alaska Native Asian  or Pacific  Islander Hispanic  All races  and origins
1 Heart disease
24.7% Heart disease
23.7% Heart disease
19.4% Cancer
24.8% Heart disease
20.3% Heart disease
24.2%
2 Cancer
22.4% Cancer
20.2% Cancer
16.4% Heart disease
22.6% Cancer
19.4% Cancer
21.9%
3 Accidents 7.2% Accidents 7.9% Accidents 13.8% Stroke
6.6% Accidents 11.5% Accidents 7.6%
4
Chronic lower respiratory diseases 5.9% Homicide
5.0% Diabetes
5.9% Accidents 5.6% Stroke
4.7% Chronic lower respiratory diseases
5.2%
5 Stroke
4.1% Stroke
4.9% Chronic liver disease
5.3% Diabetes
4.3% Diabetes
4.7% Stroke
4.3%
6
Alzheimer’s disease
2.9% Diabetes
4.3% Suicide
4.3% Chronic lower respiratory diseases
3.2% Chronic liver disease
4.0% Diabetes
3.2%
7 Diabetes
2.8% Chronic lower respiratory diseases
3.2% Chronic lower respiratory diseases
4.2% Influenza and pneumonia
3.1% Suicide
2.9% Alzheimer’s disease
2.6%
8 Suicide
2.7% Kidney disease
2.6% Stroke
3.1% Suicide
2.7% Chronic lower respiratory diseases
2.5% Suicide
2.6%
9 Influenza and pneumonia
1.9% Septicemia
1.7% Homicide
1.9% Alzheimer’s disease
2.1% Homicide
2.4% Influenza and pneumonia
1.8%
10 Chronic liver disease
1.7% Hyper-tension
1.6% Influenza and pneumonia
1.8% Kidney disease
2.1% Alzheimer’s disease
2.1% Chronic liver disease
1.8%.         "
 According to the CDC, 6 in 10 adults in the U.S. live with a chronic disease, and 4 in 10 live with two or more chronic diseases. 
Chronic diseases pose a significant risk to health for all. The CDC state that lifestyle factors, such as smoking, alcohol, lack of exercise, and poor nutrition, are major risk factors for many chronic diseases.
The rate of smoking among all males is almost 16%. Yet, a data breakdown by the American Lung Association from 2015 shows that 13.1% Hispanic men smoke, while among other ethnic groups, the rates were 20.9% for Black men, 19% for Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native males, and 12% for Non-Hispanic Asian or Pacific Islander males. 
Nearly 31% of men over 18 years had five or more drinks at least once in the past year, and 9.2 million men live with alcohol use disorder. Yet only 8% received treatment for the condition in the past year.
Data from the 2018 National Health Interview Survey estimate that only 57.6% of all men reach the government’s recommended physical activity guidelines of at least 150 to 300 minutes of moderate intensity or 75 minutes to 150 minutes vigorous intensity, aerobic, physical activity.
Across the U.S., 12.2% of males under 65 years old do not have health insurance, and 12% of men over 18 years report being in fair or poor health.
According to the Office for Minority Health, part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the life expectancy for Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander men was 77.7 years based on 2015 Census Bureau data. 
It was 72.9 years for Black men, 74.7 years for American Indian or Alaska Native men; for Asian American men, it was 77.5 years, and 79.6 years for Hispanic men, while it was 77.5 years for white men. 
Data from 2017 shows that life expectancy for males of all ethnicities taken together has dropped to 76.1 years, which is 5 years less than females. 

(Healthline Media UK)

April 3, 2020

Why More Men Than Women are Dying From Coronavirus



                                                 


Dr. Moalem is a scientist, physician,
 and the author of the forthcoming
 “The Better Half: On the Genetic Superiority of Women.”


As coronavirus continues its spread across borders, oceans and continents, there is a perplexing piece of data that has so far evaded a proper explanation: It’s still early, but in almost every country that we have numbers for, more men than women are dying from the virus.

Most attempts to explain this discrepancy have focused primarily on behavior, some of which are almost certainly valid. Higher rates of tobacco consumption, a reluctance to seek proper and timely medical care and even lower rates of hand-washing absolutely do play a role in who will be hit hardest.

But what is being overlooked in these explanations is that the disproportionate toll coronavirus is taking on men isn’t an anomaly. Rather, it may be a timely and high-profile demonstration of what up until recently has been an underappreciated scientific fact: When it comes to survival, men are the weaker sex.

This isn’t just the case during once-in-a-lifetime pandemics. This innate biological advantage is apparent at every age and stage of human life: Baby girls are consistently more likely to make it to their first birthday; 80 percent of all centenarians today are women; an incredible 95 percent of those who reach the formidable age of 110 years old are women. While on average genetic males have more muscle mass and greater height, overall size, and physical strength, when it comes to surviving the physical hardships encountered from birth to late-in-life, genetic females almost always outlast genetic males. 

We have long assumed that the only reason behind the earlier and disproportionate demise of men was behavioral. But in fact, the female survival advantage between the sexes still holds, regardless of education, economic factors, and alcohol, drug, or tobacco consumption.

I came to understand the female biological advantage in a very personal and painful way a few years ago. It was a beautiful summer’s day. The sun was finally out after a very long winter and a wet spring. I promised my wife, Emma, some quiet time, just the two of us: just her, an XX female and me, an XY male. The last thing I remember was reaching over and holding her hand as we were driving westbound on a mostly empty street.

Witnesses later told us that we were hit dead-on broadside by someone who ran a red light and barreled toward us at more than 45 miles per hour. Our car rolled twice. The impact was severe, the roof of our car caved in, and none of the airbags deployed. Because of the extent of damage to our car, the first responders were preparing themselves for horrific traumatic injuries. We were lucky to be alive.

Given what we had just experienced, our injuries turned out to be relatively minor and pretty similar — but Emma’s were a bit more serious. So, while I was strapped to a spine board in the back of an ambulance hurtling toward the hospital one of the things I was thinking about — in addition to wondering why all seven airbags failed to deploy — was how grateful I was that Emma was a genetic female — because I knew that even if my wife’s injuries were the same as mine, given the odds, she was more likely to make a better and faster recovery.

What lies behind this female genetic superiority? It starts at the chromosomal level.

To review the typical basic chromosomal differences between the sexes: The cells of genetic females have two X chromosomes — one from their mothers, and one from their fathers — while those of genetic males have only the one X chromosome, from their mothers, and one Y chromosome.
 
This is crucial, because X chromosomes come in handy for vital functions like building and maintaining the human brain and the immune system. And biologists have long understood that XX chromosomes give females an advantage in some arenas: Having the use of a spare X in case the other is somehow defective is why females are less susceptible to disorders like color blindness, for instance.

But we’re only just now beginning to understand the full advantage that this extra X chromosome confers: It’s not just that women have a spare X chromosome to swap in. Rather, the more than 2,000 genes that, combined, make up two X chromosomes, are used by cells that actually interact and cooperate within a woman’s body. Each cell predominantly uses one X chromosome over the other — so if one X chromosome has genes that are better at recognizing invading viruses like Covid-19, for instance, immune cells using that X can focus on that task, while immune cells using the other X chromosome focus on, say, killing cells infected with Covid-19 instead, making the fight against the virus more efficient.

Typical males, by contrast, are forced to get by in life with just the one X chromosome. What if a male’s particular genes aren’t able to competently recognize or kill off cells infected with a coronavirus? In that case, his ability to fight the infection will be limited; his solitary X is the only one he’s got.

The bottom line is when it comes to dealing with the trauma and stressors of life — whether it’s avoiding a serious congenital malformation, a developmental disability, or fighting off an infection — females have genetic options. And genetic males don’t.

My wife doesn’t win only when it comes to overall longevity. Her risk for developing cancers in organs we both have, for example, is lower than mine. And if she does develop cancer, she has better odds of surviving, as research shows that women respond better than men to treatments.

And our sex chromosomes by and large determine our sex hormones — which also give her an advantage: Higher levels of testosterone appear to suppress the immune system; conversely, estrogens have been found to stimulate a more vigorous immunological response.

As our recoveries from the accident took two very distinct trajectories — my injuries and subsequent infections took many weeks longer to heal — the reality of her genetic superiority truly sunk in. No matter what life throws our way, Emma is likely to outlive me. 

The cost women seem to pay for having a more aggressive immune system, one that’s better at battling both malignant cells and invading microbes, is being more prone to autoimmune diseases. The immune systems of genetic females are much more likely to attack themselves, which is what occurs in conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroiditis, Sjögren’s syndrome, and lupus. The only thing that I, as an XY male, have going for me is a lower chance of developing one of these conditions.

Progress in understanding and addressing these biological differences between the sexes in the practice of clinical medicine has been sluggish. For the most part, this is because the medical establishment has largely overlooked the profound chromosomal, hormonal and anatomical uniqueness of genetic females. The current practice of medicine was built using research that was done primarily on male cells, male tissues, male organs, male animals and male test subjects. As a result, we tend to know more about men when it comes to the determinants of health and well-being. With a few exceptions, such as gynecological and obstetric issues, we tend to clinically treat women just like we treat men. As a result, our comprehension of the staggering medical impact stemming from the differences between the sexes is only in its infancy.

But the understanding of these differences has the potential to fill in the gaps of knowledge that have kept us from making medical breakthroughs. Our male-centric, one-size-fits-all model of health care and the research culture that stems from it need to change. Nowhere is this urgency more apparent than the current global pandemic, as the alarming numbers of male deaths worldwide continues to climb daily.

Almost 20 years ago the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences published a report that claimed the following: “Being male or female is an important fundamental variable that should be considered.” And yet, two decades later there has been little tangible progress that’s made its way into how we practice medicine. We must now push beyond mere consideration of this variable to apprehending the real biological strength that each genetic female inherently possesses and how men differ in this regard. The future of medicine depends upon it.

Sharon Moalem is a scientist, physician, and the author of the forthcoming “The Better Half: On the Genetic Superiority of Women,” from which this essay has been adapted.

March 8, 2020

Eye Circles Although Not Dangerous It makes Us Look Older and Not as Healthy



What's to know about raccoon eyes?
 Source: Medical News Today
             


Although dark eye circles are not dangerous, many people seek ways to treat or hide them. However, it may not be possible to remove them altogether.
Some people may think that dark circles under their eyes make them look tired and older, so they search for home remedies and treatments that can minimize their appearance. 
Keep reading to learn more about how to remove or improve the appearance of dark circles under the eyes. 


two men asleep to try to remove dark circles under eyes permanentlyShare on Pinterest
A person may reduce the appearance of dark circles under the eyes by getting adequate sleep.
Once a person understands why dark circles develop under their eyes, they can select an appropriate treatment. Some people change their lifestyle habits, while others turn to treatments and products that they find in beauty stores. While these are likely safe, most of these home treatments may be ineffective.
People may not be able to remove dark eye circles altogether, but several techniques and remedies can help minimize their appearance.

1. Getting adequate sleep

Some people notice dark eye circles when they experience periods of low-quality sleep. Lack of sleep may aggravate dark eye circles. Limited studies have shown that rest and good general health lessens the dark of eye circles. 

2. Elevating the head during sleep

People who experience darkening of the skin under their eyes in the morning that fades slightly throughout the day may have increased blood vessels or vasculature around their eyes. The darker color can also be the result of swelling. 
By elevating the head during sleep, blood will travel away from the head and face and may reduce swelling and lessen the dark color under the eyes. 

3. Applying cold compresses 

People with increased vasculature under their eyes may benefit from applying cold compresses. Cold compresses can constrict the blood vessels around the eyes, which can reduce their appearance at the skin’s surface. Compresses can also reduce swelling around the eyes and lessen the dark color. 

4. Minimizing sun exposure

People can reduce dark eye circles by protecting their skin from the sun. Ultraviolet radiation can worsen dark eye circles in some people. Protection with sunglasses, moisturizers with sunscreens, and hats can protect the skin from the sun and prevent worsening of dark eye circles. 

5. Cucumber slices and tea bags

Sometimes. people apply cucumber slices to their eyes to reduce the appearance of dark eye circles. Although the mechanism of its effect is unknown, the cold temperature of the cucumber slices may improve swelling due to sleeping, eczema, or allergies. 
Some people also use tea bags. Letting them cool off in the fridge and then placing them on the eyes might produce the same effect as cold compresses or cold cucumber slices. Some suggest using caffeinated tea bags because caffeine can also constrict blood vessels and reduce their appearance on the skin surface.
Caffeine can also speed up blood flow across blood vessels around the eyes and can give a youthful and fresh appearance to the skin.
It is important to note that researchers have not studied the effects of applying cucumber slices or cold tea bags to the eyes to prevent or treat dark eye circles. 

6. Vitamin C

Vitamin C can increase collagen production. Increasing collagen production under the eyes can reduce blood stasis, which may cause discoloration. Blood stasis refers to blood that pools in blood vessels. 
People may notice an improved appearance of dark circles under their eyes when using beauty products with high concentrations of vitamin C. 

7. Retinoid creams

Retinoid creams, found in beauty stores, can also help promote collagen production and improve the appearance of dark eye circles. These vitamin A-derived creams also decrease the melanin content in the skin. Melanin is what gives skin its color. 
Retinoids creams are not appropriate for everyone. People should talk to their doctor or another healthcare professional before using retinoid creams. 

8. Hydroquinone, kojic acid, and arbutin creams

Hydroquinone, kojic acid, and arbutin are compounds that disrupt the production of melanin in the skin. According to an article in the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, low concentrations of hydroquinone and kojic acid can be effective. People in some countries have limited access to hydroquinone creams because they may cause side effects. 
Kojic acid and arbutin are naturally derived substances. In small doses, arbutin can improve the appearance of dark circles under eyes, but high concentrations can cause hyperpigmentation. 
Before using a beauty product containing hydroquinone, kojic acid, or arbutin, people should consult a doctor or dermatologist. 

9. Vitamin K

In one study, researchers evaluated the efficacy of an antiwrinkle and dark eye circle pad that contained 3% caffeine and 1% vitamin E. Participants wore the eye pads for 1 hour every night for 4 weeks. The researchers noticed a reduced appearance of dark eye circles at the end of the study.
Further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of vitamin K and caffeine loaded pads for reducing dark eye circles. 

10. Concealers and makeup

Some people choose to use makeup to conceal their dark eye circles. Mineral makeup foundation can conceal dark patches under the eyes. 
Optical diffusers are a type of cosmetics that reflects light away from the skin and can improve the appearance of dark circles. These techniques do not treat or prevent dark eye circles.  Causes
To remove dark eye circles permanently, people need to figure out their cause. People can develop dark eye circles for multiple reasons, including: 
  • genetic factors
  • presence of melanin in the dermal layer of the skin
  • post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
  • secondary to eczema or allergies
  • anemia
  • lifestyle habits
  • swelling of the eyes
  • presence of blood vessels at the skin surface
  • shadowing due to thin skin
Some lifestyle factors that may influence the appearance of dark eye circles include:
  • lack of sleep
  • stress
  • alcohol overuse
  • smoking 
People can change certain lifestyle factors to improve health and reduce the appearance of dark eye circles. However, a person cannot modify some other factors, such as genetics. 
People can try to use products or methods to reduce the appearance of dark eye circles, but they may not be able to remove them entirely or permanently.  When to see a doctor
Dark eye circles under the eyes are not detrimental to a person’s health, but some people may choose to consult a doctor or dermatologist for cosmetic purposes. People who experience low self-esteem or poor quality of life because of dark eye circles may benefit from seeking medical help.
A doctor or dermatologist can help to diagnose and classify dark eye circles, which can help people choose the most appropriate treatment or lifestyle change. Doctors can also help people manage their expectations around the effectiveness of each treatment. 
Bear in mind that most treatments require months of daily use before a person notices any significant change. 
Sometimes doctors may suggest noninvasive techniques, such as intense pulsed light, radiofrequency, q-switched lasers, and pulsed dye lasers, to reduce the appearance of dark circles under the eyes. 
However, some people may require invasive techniques, such as: 
  • chemical peels
  • medical tattoos
  • ablative laser resurfacing 
  • hyaluronic acid gel soft tissue fillers 
  • fat transfer 
  • surgery
  • implants 
People should only consider these options in extreme cases. 
Dark eye circles are a common reason people consult a dermatologist. 
Some people may not like the appearance of dark circles under their eyes and experience low self-esteem and reduced quality of life as a result, but it is important to remember that they are harmless. 
Several medical treatments and home remedies can help reduce the appearance of dark eye circles. These may include cucumber slices and beauty products. 
Although most of these treatments are safe to use, researchers have not confirmed their effectiveness in reducing dark eye circles.

December 19, 2019

When You See A Butt Well Rounded It Could Just Be The Removable Butt Enhancing Underwear


This is one of those subjects I wanted to say so much but it would have taken the time for more serious news. The ladies have been augmenting all the parts of the body they got from birth you can think off, but they started way back with the boobs and butts. How long is the age of the technology coming of war and doctors trying to repair everything on the soldier from half a face to total crouch? This is where the innovation comes from and you have medical personnel with licenses to do what some call plastic surgery (which in most cases has no plastic involved). I find it as a personal taste to find out my date has that done but that is just me. If the female sex is doing it and the Transgenders have been using all available and affordable techiniques you will figure it will go International. But you also have the part you have to take off when you go to bed. I love the removable butt,  I don't know how a guy will explain that to his date? "I think I danced too much honey and perspired all my fluids away but they will be back to normal tomorrow." 

 The US patent office is littered with hilariously dry descriptions of male support garments. One underwear brand claims it can provide the ideal “cosmetic buttock profile” while another promise “integral male member adjustable support.” One pair of padded boxers with removable butt insert says it also has a system for “easily venting the scrotum.” 
Then there’s Rounderbum, a butt-enhancing underwear brand that comes with two butt-shaped polyurethane foam pieces woven into the brief’s backside, creating what the makers describe as “lift technology.”   
“When brands use silicone, it’s heavier, and it’s a little more obvious if someone were to smack your butt,” Rounderbum inventor Jonathan Diersing tells me. “Ours is spongy, like a real butt.”  
There have been predecessors, but Rounderbum, which says it’s done over $1 million in sales since 2015, is perhaps the most visible male butt-enhancing underwear brand in history. After winning $150,000 during an appearance on Shark Tank, Diersing claims his Amazon sales have shot up a thousand percent; his butt-lifting boxer briefs are currently the fourth best-selling pair of trunks on the site
Rounderbum’s rapid expansion suggests men are under similar pressure to women to present a thick and juicy ass to the world. But Diersing, of course, would like to sell a more empowering message. “We’re not here to fake anyone out,” he says. “We just want your clothes to fit as well on you as they do on a mannequin.” 
Surely, wearing padded underwear is a healthier way of dealing with your own body dysmorphia than using steroids or compulsively exercising, but it also perpetuates unrealistic standards of beauty, according to Columbia University psychology professor Melanie Brewster. “It’s hard for me to imagine that when someone goes out and buys any kind of shaping undergarment, that there isn’t some underlying dissatisfaction with their own bodies,” she says. 

Men, especially queer men, have long been padding their asses. But the majority of products previously available were marketed for reasons other than image-improvement. Rounderbum is refreshingly shameless about their mission to make your butt look bigger, and they’re not hiding behind the medical language to justify that mission. 
Butt for You, which has been selling padded underwear since 1997, features a man in a wheelchair on its homepage; the owner told SFGate that many of his clients were seniors and HIV positive men who’d lost fat in their butts from years of taking antiretroviral drugs. BottomsUp, a brand that made headlines about ten years ago, also catered to cancer patients and men in wheelchairs. Rounderbum’s advertising, in contrast, is de-medicalized, emphasizing the confidence a man can feel with a bubble butt (assuming it doesn't slide around). 

 The ascendance of padded underwear for men isn’t entirely expected. According to the American Society of Aesthetic Plastic, women still make up the bulk of cosmetic butt procedures, with men undergoing just 2.6% of a total of 20,126 butt augmentations and 3.7% of butt lifts in 2016. 
But Karen E Jones, the owner of Bubbles Bodywear, says that more men are buying her products than ever before. “The men complain that their jeans or pants sag. We had one doctor who felt self-conscious when residents were walking behind him. He thought they were just staring at his flat butt.” 
She adds that a “perfect” butt just isn’t attainable for many men through exercise alone. “They aren’t genetically built with the hormones, fat and muscle makeup in the backside," she said. (According to a 2009 study, women on average store 6 to 11 percent more body fat than men.) ”Sometimes they need a little silicone help.” 
Unlike Rounderbum, Bubbles offers a range of padding, from one to three inches, as well as optional silicone inserts. Jones says her sales reps spend hours on the phone with customers, trying to craft the ideal derriere. “It’s like fitting a bra times one hundred,” she said.
Brandon Gray bought Rounderbums after seeing ads for the bulbous underwear brand pop up on Facebook. “I’ve had many compliments,” he tells me. “I’ve even had friends ask me if I’ve had cosmetic surgery.”

A PAIR OF ROUNDERBUM UNDERWEAR. PHOTO BY THE AUTHOR
Gray was so happy with the way the briefs made him feel that he bought a pair for every occasion. “I’ve always been self-conscious about my butt. I think most guys check their butts out in the mirror and wonder if they look okay.” 
Naturally, the Amazon reviews for Rounderbum are all over the map. One customer praised the briefs for cupping his cheeks effectively, while another remarked, “these will make you look like Jennifer Lopez before her reduction.” Still, one gets the sense that the briefs are solving a pressing issue for some men, especially those who have butts so flat that they can’t hold their jeans. As one customer says, “I have worn these with loose jeans and also skinny pants (that show what little real butt I have) and have [received] compliments from everyone, including slightly inappropriate ones from coworkers.”  
Brewster worries about what the rise of padded underwear says about male self-esteem. If a patient brought up padded underwear as a solution to their problems, she says she’d proceed with caution. “If people compliment you on your new butt, is that going to make you feel better about yourself or is that going to make you feel potentially worse because you’re getting attention based on this superficial modification that you’ve made?’” 
She believes that gay men, in particular, are more likely to self-objectify. “Rather than really living in and enjoying your body, you’re constantly thinking about how this body can look better for the benefit of other people,” she says. “Gay men internalize the male gaze just like straight women do.” 
Every time someone changes their shape artificially, they’re putting forth an idea that isn’t achievable, she adds. “I’d just suggest that they wear it mindfully.”
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