Showing posts with label Baby-Child. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Baby-Child. Show all posts

March 29, 2016

A straight 22 Kyle Parker, Rapes and Kills a Toddler 1.5Yr old

 (CBS) — Relatives of a toddler who was raped and killed in central Indiana said they weren’t prepared for the details of the gruesome crime that were revealed in court on Monday.
Kyle Parker, 22, has pleaded not guilty to charges of murder, rape, strangulation, child molesting, and more in the death of 15-month-old Shaylyn Ammerman.
Owen County prosecutors have said Parker abducted and killed Shaylyn from a home in Spencer – about 60 miles southwest of Indianapolis – on March 22. Her body was found two days later about 10 miles away in Gosport, and Parker was arrested the same day.
Dr. Donna Stewart, the pathologist who examined Shaylyn’s body, said it was “the worst case of sexual trauma” she had seen in her career.
(Provided by Indiana State Police)
Shaylyn Ammerman (Provided by Indiana State Police)
Prosecutors said Parker confessed in jail to his stepfather over the weekend, and Parker’s father told police, according to CBS 4 in Indianapolis. Parker allegedly said he took Shaylyn out of her crib at the Ammerman home, where he and his family had been drinking, then pulled over and raped her on the way to Gosport, smothered her, and dumped her body in a wooded area, using bleach in an attempt to cover up evidence.
Shaylyn’s grandmother, Tamera Morgan, said she can’t fathom any of it.
“There’s just so many emotions that you can’t even put a finger on what emotion you’re feeling. One minute it’s you’re disgusted, then you’re angry,” she said.
Shaylyn’s father, Justin Ammerman, said he doesn’t know how he’ll ever heal after hearing what happened to his daughter.
“It’s beyond words,” he said. “I don’t know how to do that.”
Prosecutors have not yet decided whether to seek the death penalty for Parker.

March 4, 2013

US Born Baby Cured of HIV

A baby girl in the US born with HIV appears to have been cured after very early treatment with standard drug therapy, researchers say.
The Mississippi child is now two-and-a-half years old and has been off medication for about a year with no signs of infection.
More testing needs to be done to see if the treatment would have the same effect on other children.
But the results could possibly lead to a cure for children with HIV.
If the girl stays healthy it would be only the world's second reported cure.
Dr Deborah Persaud, a virologist at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, presented the findings at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Atlanta.
"This is a proof of concept that HIV can be potentially curable in infants," she said.

In 2007, Timothy Ray Brown became the first person in the world believed to have recovered from HIV.
His infection was eradicated through an elaborate treatment for leukaemia that involved the destruction of his immune system and a stem cell transplant from a donor with a rare genetic mutation that resists HIV infection.
In contrast, the case of the Mississippi baby involved a cocktail of widely available drugs already used to treat HIV infection in infants.
It suggests the treatment wiped out HIV before it could form hideouts in the body.
These so-called reservoirs of dormant cells usually rapidly re-infect anyone who stops medication, said Dr Persaud.
The baby was born in a rural hospital where the mother had only just tested positi

January 21, 2013

Our Experiences Affect the Unborn Off Spring } Epigenetics


sn't our genetic legacy hardwired?    
From Mendel and Darwin in the 19th century to Watson and Crick in the 20th, scientists have shown that chromosomes passed from parent to child form a genetic blueprint for development. But in a quiet scientific revolution, researchers have in recent years come to realize that genes aren't a fixed, predetermined program simply passed from one generation to the next. Instead, genes can be turned on and off by experiences and environment. What we eat, how much stress we undergo, and what toxins we're exposed to can all alter the genetic legacy we pass on to our children and even grandchildren. In this new science of "epigenetics," researchers are exploring how nature and nurture combine to cause behavior, traits, and illnesses that genes alone can't explain, ranging from sexual orientation to autism to cancer. "We were all brought up to think the genome was it," said Rockefeller University molecular biologist C. David Allis. "It's really been a watershed in understanding that there is something beyond the genome."
What is epigenetics?The word literally means "on top of genetics," and it's the study of how individual genes can be activated or deactivated by life experiences. Each one of our cells, from skin cells to neurons, contains an identical DNA blueprint, yet they perform vastly different functions. That's because epigenetic "tags" block developing fetal cells from following any genetic instructions that don't pertain to their intended roles. That biochemical process, scientists have discovered, occurs not just during gestation and early development but throughout adulthood, switching genes on or off and altering our mental and physical health.
How does that affect who we are?We're only beginning to find out. A woman's diet during pregnancy seems to have a major impact on her baby's epigenetic tags. Prenatal diets that are low in folic acid, vitamin B-12, and other nutrients containing "methyl groups" — a set of molecules that can tag genes and cause epigenetic changes — have been linked to an increased risk of asthma and brain and spinal cord defects in children. Stress, too, can alter fetal epigenetic tags. Pregnant women who were traumatized at the World Trade Center on 9/11 were far more likely than other women to give birth to infants who reacted with unusual levels of fear and stress when faced with loud noises, unfamiliar people, or new foods.
Can changes occur later in life?
Absolutely. Young children who are abused are more likely to have epigenetic changes that make coping with stress more difficult. T
wins may inherit a gene that predisposes them to cancer, but only one will develop the disease because diet, toxins, or smoking turn on that gene, while the other has different habits and goes cancer-free. "We're not completely at the mercy of our genes," writes health journalist Alice G. Walton. "In many ways, they are at the mercy of our health and lifestyle decisions and habits."
Are epigenetic changes hereditary?To the consternation of strict Darwinists, they can be. Researchers used to think that when a sperm and egg combined, all their epigenetic tags were erased, leaving the resulting embryo with a clean slate. Now they know that about 1 percent of our epigenetic tags escape erasure and pass directly to our offspring — and potentially their offspring and beyond. Scientists have discovered, for instance, that a group of children conceived during the Netherlands' desperate wartime famine of 1944–45 tended themselves to have smaller-than-usual offspring. That suggests that what men and women eat and smoke, and what toxins and traumas they're exposed to, can affect their children and even grandchildren. University of Texas zoologist David Crews has done multigenerational studies with rats that led him to speculate that soaring obesity and autism rates could be due to our grandparents' exposure to "the chemical revolution of the 1940s," including the introduction of new plastics, fertilizers, detergents, and pesticides.
Are these insights yielding medical therapies?Over the past five years, evidence that epigenetics plays a major role in cancer has become "absolutely rock solid," says Robert A. Weinberg, a biologist at the Whitehead Institute in Cambridge, Mass. Andrew Feinberg, director of Johns Hopkins University's Epigenetics Center, thinks it's a factor in autism and diabetes as well. Drugs are in the works aimed at undoing cancerous epigenetic changes. Even eating foods rich in gene-altering methyl groups — such as soybeans, red grapes, and green tea — might protect against disease by silencing detrimental genes. In one famous experiment, researchers fed a methyl-rich diet to pregnant female mice that carried a gene that made them fat, yellow, and prone to cancer and diabetes. Though their offspring carried the same gene, they were born slim, brown, and disease-free. But researchers are still trying to work out how to use this powerful tool to address specific health problems. "Did this change in diet increase cancer risk?" asks McGill University pharmacologist Moshe Szyf. "Did it increase depression? Did it increase dementia or Alzheimer's? We don't know yet, and it will take some time to sort it out." 
Darwin vs. Lamarck
Before Darwin laid out the principles of natural selection in On the Origin of Species, an 18th-century French naturalist, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, proposed a very different theory of evolution. Organisms, he thought, could pass on traits they'd acquired over their lifetime. Lamarckism — typified by the (incorrect) idea that giraffes have long necks because they're constantly stretching them to reach high leaves — faced ridicule after Darwinism took hold. At the turn of the 20th century, August Weismann debunked the theory by chopping off the tails of mice to prove that their pups would not inherit their taillessness. But even though "Darwin was 100 percent right" about how creatures evolve, said Swiss bioengineer Renato Paro, epigenetics suggests that the Frenchman may have been on to something after all. "Passing on gained characteristics," he said, "fits more to Lamarck's theory of evolution.”
The Week Editorial Staff

January 4, 2013

IM a sucker for Babies Particularly if They are From Ryan&David 'The New Normal'

ryan murphy david miller
In an attempt to make our nonexistent ovaries explode, The New Normal creator, Ryan Murphy has tweeted a picture of his newborn son with husband David Miller. 
Prepare to inexplicably start speaking in baby voices after the jump. 
Meet one-week-old, Logan!
ryan murphy son
THAT is a nugget. We literally can't.
Congrats David and Ryan!

November 29, 2012

UN Committee Warns Against The Baby Box } You Better Know What That is!

Baby box
A view inside a so-called "baby box." (Associated Press/Screengrab)
 In multiple European countries, women who recently gave birth are legally allowed to leave their newborns in warm, publically-accessible incubators.
The incubators are found at some hospitals and can be opened from the outside. The point of these incubators, often called baby boxes, is to allow mothers to abandon unwanted babies in a safe and anonymous way.
But the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child is now speaking out against the practice and asking the EU for a baby box ban, Jewish World Review reported.
German pastor Gabriele Stangl came up with the baby box idea in 1999, after a woman in Berlin confessed to murdering an unwanted baby that had been conceived through rape. Strangl thought that a so-called "baby box" would help other desperate women caught in similar situations, the Associated Press reported.
Once a baby is put in the box, its door closes and a nurse immediately gets alerted by a signal, the AP reported in October.
There are now nearly 100 baby boxes in Germany and more than 40 in Poland and the Czech Republic. There are also some in Italy, Lithuania, Russia, Switzerland and Belgium. Hundreds of babies have been abandoned in the boxes in the past decade.
Though the boxes appear to be safe, the UN committee now claims that the baby boxes violate children's rights to identify their parents.
"Baby boxes do not operate in the best interest of the child or the mother," Maria Herczog, a sociologist and member of the UN committee, told the Jewish World Review. The UN committee has no actual authority however. Advocates of baby boxes maintain that the practice prevents infanticide and unwanted children.

September 19, 2012

Zachary Quinto Wants Jonathan Groff’s Baby..U know What I mean

Star Trek’s Zachary Quinto — who has been dating ‘Glee’ hunk Jonathan Groff for almost seven months — has revealed he definitely wants kids.
Quinto said: “I’m incredibly happy, I’m incredibly lucky. I definitely want kids. I want to share.”
Quinto came out in 2011, and is glad he did as “no good” could come from him keeping his being gay a secret.
He told ‘Out’ magazine: “One of the defining conversations that I had with myself was that absolutely no good can come from me staying quiet about my sexuality.
“Literally, no good can come from it. But if I take the step to make the acknowledgement and be honest, so much good could potentially come from it.”
He also opened up about his struggled to find the right partner.
“I found myself in a pattern of being attracted to people who were somehow unavailable, and what I realized was that I was protecting myself because I equated the idea of connection and love with trauma and death,” he said.
“I had to do a lot of work on the couch to really get to a place where I was able to show up to a relationship with someone who was actually capable of being in one – and that took a lot of trial and error.”
Quinto previously revealed he decided to come out as a gay man after performing in the play ‘Angels in America’, which discusses the effect of the Aids crisis.
He said: “Doing that play made me see how fortunate I am to have been born when I was. And to not have to witness the decimation of an entire generation of amazingly talented and otherwise vital men.
Quinto previously revealed he decided to come out as a gay man after performing in the play Angels in America, which discusses the effect of the Aids crisis.
He said: “Doing that play made me see how fortunate I am to have been born when I was. And to not have to witness the decimation of an entire generation of amazingly talented and otherwise vital men.
Zachary’s 35. Jonathan’s 27.“And at the same time, as a gay man, it made me feel like I – there’s still so much work to be done.” 

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June 16, 2012

Breast Milk from HIV Mothers is Good For the Baby's

Photo by DFID – UK Department for International Development via Flickr
As an IBCLC, I’m always thrilled when a new study comes out and affirms what I already know about human milk – that it’s amazing and we’re constantly learning something new about it.
Last summer, one of the first classes I took toward my Master of Public Health was Introduction to Epidemiology. Because it was online, class discussions were held to a strict standard – our professor required us to back up any claims with peer-reviewed evidence.  No matter what the topic was, I did my best to bring it around to breastfeeding, often to the chagrin of the other rising students of public health, who learned quickly just how much they didn’t know about breastfeeding. Naturally, no class about epidemiology (according to Merriam-Webster: the study of the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases in a population) would be complete without discussions of HIV, but the topic of HIV and breastfeeding wasn’t one I ever needed more than an elementary understanding about, given the population I serve as an IBCLC.
A classmate remarked that while breastfeeding might be the best thing to do for most mothers in most parts of the world, in nations where the prevalence of HIV is high, only those mothers with access to highly-active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) were advised to breastfeed. She had worked with a population that was not advised to breastfeed their babies, and was frustrated by the fact that access to uncontaminated water (both for mixing formula and for cleaning feeding vessels) was nearly as difficult as access to the HAART drugs – making minimization of all risk impossible for these babies born to HIV+ mothers. I had read that, for HIV+ mothers, exclusive breastfeeding, rather than mixed feeding (breastfeeding plus formula) was the safest way to feed her infant, perhaps due to the protective effect of SIgA and other human milk components on the infant’s gut (shown by reduced incidence of transmission in the exclusively breastfed groups in studies cited below). However, a newly-released study offers another explanation, one that adds to the “wow factor” of human milk: antibodies in the milk of HIV-infected mothers actually help neutralize HIV itself.
The study by Friedman, et al. at Duke University in North Carolina, U.S.A. is part of ongoing efforts to develop a vaccine against HIV. Researchers isolated an immunological component of colostrum of HIV+ mothers – HIV-specific B-cells, and noted that they neutralized the virus.
Mothers known to be HIV-infected (and whose infants are HIV uninfected or of unknown HIV status) should exclusively breastfeed their infants for the first 6 months of life, introducing appropriate complementary foods thereafter, and continue breastfeeding for the first 12 months of life.
Breastfeeding should then only stop once a nutritionally adequate and safe diet without breast milk can be provided (WHO, 2010.)

March 4, 2012

Another Infant Died Contracted Herpes via Circumcision

A two-week old infant died last fall in a Brooklyn hospital from herpes contracted from a religious circumcision. According to the Daily News, the unidentified infant died last September at Maimonides Hospital—the cause of death was listed as “disseminated herpes simplex virus Type 1, complicating ritual circumcision with oral suction.” The case sounds eerily similar to that of Rabbi Yitzchok Fischer, a Rockland County mohel who was found to have given three babies herpes through the ritual.
Fisher specialized in the ultra-Orthodox ritual known as metzizah b’ peh, in which a rabbi or mohel removes blood from the wound with his mouth. One of those three babies infected with herpes by Fisher died, and the city Health Department filed a restraining order stopping Fisher from performing the procedure. But the city ultimately caved and handed the matter over onto a Jewish religious court.
Last year, a Queens toddler who went into Beth Israel Hospital for a routine circumcision died after he was given a general anesthetic instead of a local one. There has also been an active intactivist movement working in San Francisco, who believe in the right of baby boys to keep their foreskins intact. The last we heard of them, their reach may have exceeded their grasp: the group was roundly criticized for a series of online comic books featuring "Foreskin Man" fighting the "Monster Mohel,"which many called anti-Semitic.

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