Showing posts with label Transphobia. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Transphobia. Show all posts

September 6, 2019

How Terrible A Thing How India Tried To 'erase' Their Third Gender in The Communities



          Image result for eunuch called Bhoorah

 She lived in what was then the North-West Provinces with two disciples and a male lover, performing and accepting gifts at "auspicious occasions" like births of children and at weddings and in public. She had left her lover for another man before she was killed. British judges were convinced that her former lover had killed her in a fit of rage.
During the trial they described eunuchs as cross-dressers, beggars and unnatural prostitutes.

'Moral panic'

One judge said the community was an "opprobrium upon colonial rule". Another claimed that their existence was a "reproach" to the British government. 
The reaction was strange considering that a eunuch was the victim of the crime. The killing, according to historian Jessica Hinchy, curiously triggered British "moral panic about eunuchs" or hijras as they are called in South Asia. 
"She was a victim of the crime but her death was interpreted as evidence of criminality and immorality of the eunuchs," Dr Hinchy told me. 
The Hijra community of Mumbai in Andheri (surbub of Mumbai), Indian hijras, or eunuchs, adopt a feminine gender identity, women's clothing and other feminine gender roles on March 15, 2012Image copyrightAFP
Image captionEunuchs describe themselves as being castrated or born that way
British officials began considering eunuchs "ungovernable". Commentators said they evoked images of "filth, disease, contagion and contamination". They were portrayed as people who were "addicted to sex with men". Colonial officials said they were not only a danger to "public morals", but also a "threat to colonial political authority".
For nearly a decade, Dr Hinchy, now assistant professor of history at Singapore's Nanyang Technological University, trawled the colonial archives on eunuchs that provided unusually detailed insights into the impact of colonial laws on marginalised Indians. The result is Governing Gender and Sexuality in Colonial India, arguably the first in-depth history of eunuchs in colonial India. 
Eunuchs often dress up like women and describe themselves as being castrated or born that way. A disciple-based community, it has important roles in many cultures - from sexless people guarding harems to singing and dancing entertainers. 
In cultures in South Asia, they are thought to have the power to bless or curse fertility. They live with adopted children and male partners. Today, many consider eunuchs transgender, although the term also includes intersex people. In 2014, India's Supreme Court officially recognised a third gender - and eunuchs (or hijras) are seen as falling into this category. 
Eunuch handsImage copyrightAFP
Image captionEunuchs have important roles in many cultures
Bhoorah was among the 2,500 recorded eunuchs who lived in the North-West Provinces - now India's most populous state Uttar Pradesh and neighbouring Uttarakhand. 
Years after her murder, the provinces launched a campaign to reduce the number of eunuchs with the objective of gradually causing their "extinction". They were considered a "criminal tribe" under a controversial 1871 law which targeted caste groups considered to be hereditary criminals.
The law armed the police with power of increased surveillance of the community. Police compiled registers of eunuchs with their personal details, often defining "an eunuch as a criminal and sexually deviant person". "Registration was a means of surveillance and also a way to ensure that castration was stamped out and the hijra population was not reproduced," says Dr Hinchy.  
Eunuchs were not allowed to wear female clothing and jewellery or perform in public and were threatened with fines or thrown into prison if they did not comply. Police would even cut off their long hair and strip them if they wore female clothing and ornaments. They "experienced police intimidation and coercion, though the patterns of police violence are unclear", says Dr Hinchy.
The community reacted by petitioning for the right to dance and play in public, and perform at fairs. The petitions, says Dr Hinchy, point to the economic devastation caused by the ban on dances and performances. In the mid-1870s, the eunuchs of Ghazipur district complained that they were starving. 
An eunuch displays a placard during a silent protest in Bangalore, 23 June 2004.Image copyrightAFP
Image captionEunuchs have a visible presence in India
One of the most shocking moves of the authorities was to take away children who were living with eunuchs to "rescue them from a life of infamy". If eunuchs were living with a male child, they risked fines and jail. 
Many of these children were actually disciples. Others appeared to have been orphans, adopted or enslaved as children. There were also children of musicians who performed with eunuchs and appeared to have lived alongside them with their families. Some eunuchs even lived with widows who had children. British officials saw the children as "agents of contagion and a source of moral danger".
"Colonial anxieties about the threat that hijras posed to Indian boys overstated the actual number of children residing with the community," says Dr Hinchy. According to records, there were between 90 and 100 male children found living with registered eunuchs between 1860 and 1880. Very few of them had been emasculated and most of them were living with their biological parents.
"The short-term aim of the law included cultural elimination of the eunuchs through erasure of their public presence. The explicit, long-term ambition was limiting, and thus finally extinguishing, the number of eunuchs," says Dr Hinchy. "To many high-ranking colonial officials, the small eunuch community endangered the imperial enterprise and colonial authority."
Eunuchs embrace in a hotel room April 24, 1994 in Villupuram, India.Image copyrightAFP
Image captionIndia recognised transgender people as a third gender in 2014
The British also began policing other groups which didn't fit the binary gender categories - effeminate men who wore female clothing, performed in public and lived in kin-based households, men who performed female roles in theatre and male devotees who dressed as women. "The law," says Dr Hinchy, "was used to police a diverse range of gender non-confirming people."
In many ways, the attitudes of the British and the English-speaking Indian elites to eunuchs echo aspects of Hindu faith that colonial rulers found abhorrent. 
Indologist Wendy Doniger has written about the British rejection of the sensual strains of Hinduism as filthy paganism. However, religion was not a factor in the colonial rejection of eunuchs - it was more about "contamination", "filth", their sexual practices and public presence.
Yet, despite this dark history, eunuchs survived these attempts to eliminate them by evading the police, continuing to have a visible public presence and devising survival strategies. Dr Hinchy writes that they became skilful at law breaking, evading the police and keeping on the move. They also kept their cultural practices alive within their communities and in private places, which was not illegal. They also became adept at hiding property, so that police could not register it. 
Their success is clear by the fact that despite being often defined as deviant and disorderly, Dr Hinchy says eunuchs "remain a visible presence in public space, public culture, activism and politics in South Asia". 
In India, they continue to make a living by dancing at weddings and other ceremonies despite facing discrimination and living on the margins. Theirs is a stirring story of resilience and survival.

June 4, 2019

The Beating Death of a Black Trans Woman Changed Dallas






By Quinton Boudwin 
news.Vice

DALLAS — On April 12, Muhlaysia Booker, a black trans woman from Dallas, was jumped by a group of men yelling homophobic slurs in the parking lot of her apartment complex. A video of the beating was broadcast all over the world.

Days later, she went public and spoke out against her attackers, backed by members of the black trans community in Dallas.

“She knew she had to. But that's not what she wanted. She didn't want to do it. And she didn't want to do it because she knew her doing it would put other people’s lives in jeopardy,” said Booker’s friend Robyn “Pocahontas” Crowe.

Four weeks later, Booker was found dead from a gunshot wound to the head.

Booker was the fifth trans woman killed so far this year, and one of 133 killed in the last six years, according to LGBT advocacy group the Human Rights Campaign. Two-thirds of those murdered were black, and more were killed in the South than in any other region.

But Dallas is supposed to be different. Since at least the 1970s, the city has had a vibrant LGBT community, concentrated in the historic neighborhood of Oak Lawn. Today, that community has several allies in government and law enforcement.

But Muhlaysia Booker’s friends say that progress is limited by race and class — and specifically, that it does not extend to black trans women like them, and that the city has done nothing to stop the violence they routinely face. Even Oak Lawn, the city’s historic "gayborhood, has been gentrified beyond recognition.

“It makes us feel like we’re not wanted anywhere,” said Booker’s friend Mieko Hicks.

VICE News went to Dallas to learn how Muhlaysia Booker’s death affected the city’s black trans community.


November 8, 2018

Transgender Woman is Made to Show Her Genitals by Dallas Sheriff Officers To Prove The Point





| NEW YORK DAILY NEWS |
Valerie Jackson says she was subjected to humiliation and emotional pain after Dallas County officials refused to house her with the women on three separate occasions in less than two years.
Jackson, 32, who legally changed her gender to female, was first arrested in November 2016 for having a gun in her bag at a Dallas airport. She claims the officers gave her a hard time after she explained that she didn’t have a menstrual cycle because she is transgender.
“Did you have a sex change or something?” an unidentified officer asked her at the time, according to the suit. When she replied that she had, the officials ordered her to show her genitals in order for them to decide where to house her, which she says she repeatedly declined to do.
“We need to know if you’ve had a sex change or not. We need to see if you have a penis or a vagina. We have to protect you,” an officer allegedly said. “We can’t put you with men if you have a vagina.”
She ultimately obliged after repeated orders from the officers, causing her “severe distress,” the suit claims, and she was then housed with the men.
“Ms. Jackson was then placed in her own cell, where the male inmates began questioning her through the cell door,” reads an excerpt from the lawsuit, which was filed Friday in U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas. “They were asking her if she was a ‘tranny’ or a ‘real girl’, telling her all the sexual things they wanted to do to her, grabbing themselves, calling her a ‘he/she,’ and calling her many other derogatory words.”
Lew Sterrett Justice Center is pictured with the Dallas skyline behind it in an undated image.Jackson was released shortly after, but was re-arrested in April 2017 and placed again with the male inmates despite her contending she belonged with the female inmates. Officials determined she was suicidal and placed her in the jail’s psychiatric unit, giving her only an outfit made from paper to wear, the lawsuit asserts.
She claims she was forced to shower with the male inmates, and that one of them masturbated as he looked at her in the shower.  

Jackson was arrested a third time in June and placed with the men again. An officer made her shower with the men during that incarceration as well, and a male inmate masturbated in front of her that time as well, the lawsuit claims.
“She on three separate times endured horrific, humiliating treatment by tens of jailers,” Jackson’s attorney, Scott Palmer, told the Daily News.
“Every single human being has rights, civil liberties. It applies to everybody,” he continued. “It does not matter what their sexual orientation, sexual identity or their sexual preference is.”
A copy of Dallas County’s policy for interacting with transgender, intersex and nonconforming individuals obtained by the Daily News says no person should be treated differently due to their sexuality or identity.
“All Dallas County Sheriff's Department personnel will treat all persons, regardless of race, religion, color, sex, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, or disability, with the courtesy and dignity which is inherently due every person as a human being,” reads the policy.
A spokesman for Dallas County Sheriff Marian Brown told the Daily News that the office could not comment on Jackson’s lawsuit.
“Since it is pending litigation, under advice from attorney, we were instructed not to say anything about the lawsuit,” the Sheriff’s Office’s public information officer Raul Reyna said.
Brown took over as Dallas County Sheriff in January 2018. Lupe Valdez, who previously held the position, is currently running for governor in Texas as a Democrat.
With her lawsuit, Jackson hopes to ensure the alleged mistreatment she endured in custody in Dallas “doesn’t happen to anyone else,” Palmer said. They are seeking unspecified damages in the case.
Palmer notes that Jackson could’ve used a pseudonym to shield her identity in the case, but opted to take on the situation publicly.
“She wants to make a difference,” Palmer said.

January 30, 2018

Transgender Women in Indonesia Detained After Forced Hair Cuts


A man cuts the hair of two transgender women, their faces blurred
The transgender women were forced to have their hair cut short

Image copyright  

This was posted by By BBC Indonesian
Several beauty salons in Aceh province were raided over the weekend and transgender women working there taken to the local police station. 
The transgender women, who were also forced to wear men's clothes, will be held for three days.
Aceh is the only province in Indonesia that has strict Islamic religious law.
The move has been condemned by human rights groups.
Transgender women are known locally as waria, a word that combines the Indonesian words for men and women.
Local Police Chief Ahmad Untung Surianata told the BBC: "We are holding them for three days to give them counseling and coaching. It's going well and now they are all acting like real men."
While on the phone to the BBC, he yelled at the transgender women: "Are you still waria now?"
The transgender women lying on the floor, surrounded by police officers, after being arrested
Police raided the salons late on Saturday
They replied quietly, sounding clearly under pressure, that they were not.
Image copyright 
Police in Indonesia has detained 12 transgender women, cutting their long hair and saying they were "coaching" them to behave like "real men".
He said his team had carried out the raid, dubbed "Operation Anti Moral Illness", after neighbours complained about the "negative influence" the transgender community could have on their children. 
The Indonesian National Commission of Human Rights has condemned the raids, saying the police acted outside the law and their actions were inhuman.  
"All citizens deserve protection and to be treated equally," Commissioner Beka Ulung Hapsara told the BBC.
"After seeing photos of the raid and the information we have received so far about the raid, it's clear that they violated the police code of conduct. The job of the police should be to protect people, particularly the vulnerable." 
Aceh was granted special rights to introduce its own stricter Islamic laws more than a decade ago, and has become increasingly conservative in recent years.
While it is not against Sharia in Aceh to be transgender, gay sex is illegal, and last year two men became the first couple to be publicly caned for the act. Indonesia as a whole has a long and vibrant transgender culture and tradition, which has historically broadly been met with tolerance from the public, BBC Indonesian editor Rebecca Henschke reports. 
Members of a boarding school for transgender people perform during a fashion contest
 Transgender culture is accepted in other parts of Indonesia

In some parts of the archipelago, waria are revered as divine people.
But in recent years there has been rising anti-LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) sentiment across the country, with a wave of hatred directed towards the community from religious leaders and some of the country's leading politicians.
Even in the capital Jakarta - once a relatively safe space - police have carried out a series of raids on bars popular with the LGBT community, and jailed gay men caught in them under the country's controversial pornography laws.

December 19, 2017

"It Will Backfire" LGBT Leaders Warn Pence and GOP in Trying to Erase Transgenders









Following the Trump administration's latest decision to prohibit the use of certain words, gay rights activists are convinced that its lack of support for gay rights will be its downfall in the midterm election. The latest example, some say, suggests the administration's attempts to erase transgender Americans from public health conversations.

The Washington Post recently reported that the Trump administration is prohibiting officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from using a list of seven words, including “transgender” and “diversity,” in official documents being prepared for next year's budget.

Policy analysts at the nation's top public health agency were told that other words they would not be able to use include “fetus,” “vulnerable,” “entitlement,” “evidence-based” and “science-based.”

The Post reported:

The question of how to address such issues as sexual orientation, gender identity and abortion rights — all of which received significant visibility under the Obama administration — has surfaced repeatedly in federal agencies since President Trump took office. Several key departments — including HHS, as well as Justice, Education, and Housing and Urban Development — have changed some federal policies and how they collect government information about lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender Americans.

Chad Griffin, president of the Human Rights Campaign, one of the nation's largest LGBT groups, called the move “ignorant” and predicted it will lead to real political repercussions for the Republican leaders.


“A promise to Trump & Pence: your ignorant attempts to erase transgender people will backfire. We will counter your hatred by being louder and more visible than ever before. Don’t take my word for it—ask Roy Moore & Pat McCrory. You’re next. #2018 #2020,” he tweeted.

Alabama's LGBT community was among the liberal activists who helped defeat Republican Roy Moore last week in the Alabama Senate race after he ran on a campaign of promoting traditional Christian values, -- he had previously suggested that homosexuality should be illegal.


House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D.-Calif.), a supporter of gay rights who represents one of the country's largest LGBT communities, claimed that the Trump administration wants to delete some of these people from Americans' consciousness.


Gabrielle Bellot expanded upon this idea in a column for them., an LGBT news publication:

“Language shapes our map of the world. If 'transgender' ceases to exist as a term in official government documents, we, too, begin to vanish. It is easier for a cisgender administrator, who we might hope to have as an ally, to forget about our concerns when the government mandates that we are forgotten ourselves.”


After much criticism of the decision, CDC Director Brenda Fitzgerald took to social media to argue that agency is still committed to addressing the topics that its budget documents won't mention.


The GOP made gay-affirming strides at the Republican National Convention in 2016, including a gay speaker and having Trump's acknowledgment the LGBT community in his speech accepting the party's presidential nomination.

“As your president, I will do everything in my power to protect our LGBTQ citizens from the violence and oppression of a hateful foreign ideology — believe me,” he said.

But since then, gay activists argue that the Trump administration has made multiple decisions detrimental to LGBT Americans and their supporters. Trump would not recognize LGBT Pride month and did not highlight the unique challenges the gay community faces in his World AIDS Day proclamation. The U.S. Census does not plan to include LGBT-related questions in its 2020 count. 
Following recent losses by Trump-backed candidates whose views on LGBT issues are arguably hostile, Griffin and others like him predict that the administration's positions could hurt the GOP at a time when most Americans support some aspect of gay rights.


While Trump sought to halt transgender people from being able to serve in the military, most in the U.S. disagree. Nearly six in 10 -- 58 percent -- of adults agreed that “Transgender people should be allowed to serve in the military” in a Reuters/Ipsos opinion poll. And while many Americans who voted for Trump do not support same-sex marriage, most Americans -- 62 percent -- do, according to a Pew Research Center poll.

After recent elections, transgender politicians -- including newly elected Virginia Del. Danica Roem (D) -- and those working on policy issues affecting them are increasingly visible. If more voters view the Trump administration's treatment of members of the broader LGBT community as lesser Americans, it could be disastrous for a political party that is already struggling to remain popular with the electorate.



March 23, 2017

Penis Vagina Bus To Teach People Transgender’s Are Not Real

Via National Organization for Marriage
An orange bus rolled onto the streets of Manhattan Wednesday to make its first stop on an East Coast tour, during which a load of activist passengers will evangelize that transgender people don’t exist and citizens must rise up to complain about their growing acceptance.
The creators are calling it the “Free Speech Bus,” and they’ve decorated it with male and female stick figures along with the slogan: “Boys are boys… and always will be. Girls are girls… and always will be. You can’t change sex. Respect all.”
On Wednesday, they parked outside the United Nations headquarters, where ambassadors are considering a sex education resolution that a spokesperson for the bus argued promotes “an ideology that gender is fluid.”
“We are trying to strike back against that,” said Joseph Grabowski, a spokesperson for the National Organization for Marriage, one of the three conservative groups behind the project. They hope parading the bus through major cities will unleash a silent majority that they believe is frustrated by shifting norms about gender and families.
In their efforts to block LGBT legal protections since the Supreme Court resolved questions about same-sex marriage, religious conservatives have struggled to spark conversations among ordinary people. While they have sometimes reached the airwaves during controversies around bills to restrict bathroom usage, they’ve often played political defense, or found their message buried in the back of newspapers and the back rooms of legislatures.
This week, groups hope to stimulate a debate among media and lawmakers by using the most classic of political props: a gussied-up bus and a provocative message.
The National Organization for Marriage partnered with the International Organization for the Family — headed by NOM President Brian Brown — and CitizenGo, a social conservative online advocacy platform headquartered in Spain, on the project.
The US bus copies a version rolled out in Spain in February that declared, “Boys have penises. Girls have vulvas. Don’t let them lie to you.” One Madrid councilman declared it the “bus of shame,” and city officials ordered it removed from the streets for violating a traffic law restricting advertising on private vehicles.
When CitizenGo announced that it would take its bus tour to the United States, a graphic indicated that the bus would carry a similar message: “Boys have penises. Girls have vaginas. Don’t be deceived.”
But the bus doesn’t actually say that, Grabowski said. “We think we can make the point a little more subtly.”
“We need a discussion about how to respect everyone,” Grabowski said in a phone call. But he also claimed that being transgender is a “disorder” and that a respectful discussion does not extend to recognizing a transgender person’s gender identity in public settings. (The American Psychiatric Association does not classify being transgender as a mental disorder.) He added, “They can live that out privately.”
The tour will soon head north, hugging the New England coast before hairpinning south to Washington, DC.
However, New York City was a key launching point in the US. The city has worked to distinguish itself as a safe harbor for transgender Americans — passing rules to protect their rights everywhere from their homes to public restrooms. But Grabowski said that people in progressive cities shouldn’t stay silent if they see a transgender person using a restroom that matches their gender identity.
“One of the purposes of the bus tour is to have people speak up if they feel uncomfortable and let the business owner know,” Grabowski said. “This can’t be considered transphobic or bigoted.”
The bus in front of the United Nations. Courtesy National Organization for Marriage
The groups hope the rolling spectacle can grab the attention of lawmakers and the public, convincing them that opposition to transgender rights is grounded in science, not animus.
Asked if transgender women are women, Grabowski said, “No, we believe if you’re born a man, you’re a man.”
“They are a small segment of the population, with a disorder, that has quite a big megaphone for the demographic it represents,” he said. “This is not about live-and-let-live,” he added, saying transgender people pose an threat to norms of sex and procreation. “This is about what is best for the common welfare of society.”
Dominic Holden is the national LGBT reporter for BuzzFeed News and is based in New York. 
Contact Dominic Holden at dominic.holden@buzzfeed.com.


Reports came in tonight Friday 3/24 about the Bus being  received in NYC Not with Open Arms:


NEW YORK -- A bus spreading a message against transgender culture was vandalized near United Nations headquarters early Thursday evening while it was parked, according to the head of one of the three groups organizing the bus tour.
The "Free Speech Bus," as it is called by organizers, was parked near the UN for a scheduled event when two people approached, scratched it with a key, cracked windows with a hammer, and spray painted slogans such as "Trans Liberation," Brian Brown, president of the Washington-based National Organization for Marriage, told USA TODAY.
The people on board the bus traveling between points in New York, Connecticut, Washington and Boston were inside the UN for an event, but the driver was with the vehicle, Brown said. The driver tried to protect the bus and was tackled but not hurt by one of the vandals, Brown said.
Brown's organization put together the bus tour along the East Coast along with Citizen Go, a social activism group that works through online petitions, and the International Organization for the Family, a Washington-based group that promotes "the natural family."

February 24, 2017

State Sex-Segregated Toilet Legislation






December 22, 2016

NC Failed on Repealing Bathroom Bill





 
A deal to repeal North Carolina’s controversial “bathroom bill,” which limited LGBT access to facilities, fell apart late Wednesday as Democrats and Republicans in the state legislature clashed over the measure’s provisions.

Legislators then adjourned a special session called to consider the issue, leaving the law still in place.

A repeal measure put forward by state Senate Republicans Wednesday would have included a six-month moratorium on any local government that wants to “enact or amend an ordinance regulating employment practices or regulating public accommodations or access to restrooms, showers or changing facilities.”

Democrats argued the measure was only a partial repeal, because the moratorium could be renewed repeatedly, essentially making it impossible for cities to pass nondiscrimination laws.

“This wasn’t the deal,’’ Democratic state Senator Jeff Jackson said.

What is HB2?

In March, the Republican-controlled state legislature passed the law, commonly referred to as the bathroom bill. A wide-ranging bill, it’s most known for banning individuals from using public bathrooms, such as in schools or government buildings, that do not correspond with their biological sex, as dictated by their birth certificates.

It also bars cities from passing anti-discrimination ordinances to protect gay and transgender people.

The state pushed through HB2 after the city of Charlotte passed a nondiscrimination ordinance in February that allowed transgender people to use bathrooms that correspond to their gender identity.

North Carolina’s Democratic Governor-elect Roy Cooper said on Monday that lawmakers were to meet in a special legislative session to repeal the controversial measure that triggered a social and economic backlash against the southern U.S. state, costing it millions of dollars in tourism, sports and entertainment revenue.

“Full repeal will help to bring jobs, sports and entertainment events back and will provide the opportunity for strong LGBT protections in our state,” Cooper said.

Citing the right to privacy, outgoing North Carolina Governor Pat McCrory has staunchly defended the law, which largely impacts transgender people.

Backlash and lawsuits

However, HB2 has been blasted by gay rights groups. The backlash against the law resulted in job losses and sporting event cancellations for the state.

The bathroom measure led to lawsuits against the state, including in May by the Obama administration, which sued the state, saying the law breaks federal anti-discrimination laws.

U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch said the law is “state-sponsored discrimination” that reminds her of a time when blacks were barred from public facilities and states could dictate who was allowed to marry.

The gay advocacy groups Human Rights Campaign and Equality North Carolina said in a statement, “It’s time for state lawmakers to repeal HB2 and begin repairing the harm this bill has done to people and the damage it has done to North Carolina’s reputation and economy.”

May 5, 2016

Justice Dept. to Weigh in N.Carolina Bathroom bill


Image result for bathroom whites only














 “The More things change the more they stay the same”

                                                                       










The U.S. Department of Justice is joining Bruce Springsteen, Paypal, and the NBA in weighing in against North Carolina’s HB2, the controversial law that—among other conditions—mandates that transgender people use the bathroom conforming to the gender on their birth certificate, rather than the one which they associate, in state buildings, and bars cities from enacting ordinances to require transgender-bathroom accommodation.

In a letter to Governor Pat McCrory on Wednesday, the Justice Department said that HB2 violates Titles VII and IX of the Civil Rights Act. In the letter, first reported by The Charlotte Observer, Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Vanita Gupta notes that Title VII of the law prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of gender, and that courts have interpreted that to include gender identity of transgender people. The letter (via WRAL) states:

H.B. 2 … is facially discriminatory against transgender employees on the basis of sex because it treats transgender employees, whose gender identity does not match their “biological sex,” as defined by H.B. 2, differently from similarly situated non-transgender employees …

H.B. 2 places similar restrictions on access to restrooms and changing facilities for all public agencies in North Carolina. By requiring compliance with H.B. 2, you and the State are therefore resisting the full enjoyment of Title VII rights and discriminating against transgender employees of public agencies by requiring those public agencies to comply with H.B. 2.
The department demands that McCrory respond by close of business on May 9 that he will remedy the violations, “including by confirming that the State will not comply with or implement H.B. 2.”
The Atlantic



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