Showing posts with label Gay Support. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Gay Support. Show all posts

June 7, 2018

Kathy Griffin Honored For Her Support and Activism of LGBT Causes

Comedian Kathy Griffin shows off her Kate Spade handbag and dress before receiving a Rainbow Key Award from the City of West Hollywood, Tuesday, June 5, 2018, in West Hollywood, Calif. Fashion designer Spade was found dead in her New York City apartment Tuesday in an apparent suicide, police said.

Kathy Griffin paid tribute Tuesday night to Kate Spade by dressing head-to-toe in the late designer's apparel to accept an honor for her activism and fundraising for LGBTQ causes.
Griffin did not personally know the designer but gave a brief tribute to Spade while accepting the Rainbow Key award from the city of West Hollywood, California. Spade was found dead in New York earlier Tuesday in what authorities said was an apparent suicide.
West Hollywood leaders recognized Griffin for raising more than $5 million for HIV/AIDS services and other LGBTQ activism. The award is part of an annual ceremony commending individuals who have made significant contributions to the LGBTQ community. Griffin is in the midst of a comeback following the controversy and personal and professional setbacks after she posed for a photo holding a fake dismembered Donald Trump head in May 2017. She initially apologized for the photo, but later rescinded it. By then, the damage was done, with Griffin losing several jobs and receiving death threats. 
West Hollywood leaders have expressed clear opposition to U.S. President Donald Trump's policies affecting the LGBTQ community, and Griffin delivered a fiery yet comedic speech in the city council chambers. Griffin called for action against Trump administration's policies, saying, "It's shirts and skins" and called for members of the community to pick a team.
She also defended Samantha Bee's comments about Ivanka Trump last week and said is urging her social media followers to support advertisers on Bee's program. She accused Trump of complaining to her father about Bee calling her a vulgarity and said she did not want the "Full Frontal" host to suffer.

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"I've been the person that daddy made pay and it's not going to happen anymore on my watch," Griffin said.
Griffin also envisioned a day when a gay president might occupy the White House, and she might be back in favor with the leader of the free world.
"So, when we have our first gay president, which I hope to see, I just want you to know that for all I've put up within the last 25 years, I better be invited to a state dinner and I want to stay in the Lincoln bedroom," she said. "I've put in my time."

Read more here:

January 8, 2018

Gay India's Prince Opens His Palace for LGBT Looking for Safety

 Prince Manvendra Singh Gohil Poses for  his painting

A gay Indian prince has opened up his 15-acre palace grounds to vulnerable LGBT people and is said to be constructing more buildings to house visitors.

Prince Manvendra Singh Gohil, who is the son and probable heir of the Maharaja of Rajpipla in Gujarat in western India, will run the center with his organization The Lakshya Trust.

The royal, who was ostracised by his family after coming out publically in 2006, started the community-based organization to support gay men and educate people about the prevention of HIV/Aids.

Homosexuality remains a big taboo in Indian society and sex between people of the same gender is punishable by law in the country.

The controversial Section 377 of the country’s penal code bans sexual activity that is “against the order of nature” and many have interpreted the wording to include gay sex. 

India declares freedom of sexual orientation a fundamental right
Speaking to the International Business Times, the prince said he was keen to empower people with the social security system they need to ensure they are left with nothing if their families disown them after coming out.

"If I could undergo these problems then any other gay person could face a similar situation,” he said.

"In India, we have a family system and we are mentally conditioned to be with our parents. The moment you try to come out you are told you will be thrown out and society will boycott you. You become a social outcast. A lot of people are financially dependent on their parents."
"I want to give people social and financial empowerment, so eventually people who want to come out won't be affected. They will have their own social security system. It won't make a difference if they are disinherited."

The prince’s coming out was breaking news all over India at the time and resulted in effigies of him being burned in his home state and people calling for him to be denied his title. On top of this, he was disowned and disinherited by his parents. 

Since then he has been the subject of BBC series Undercover Princes – a 2009 reality TV show which took three royals from their respective cultures and put them in Brighton where they were forced to “live and date”.

Prince Manvendra's charity provides counseling, clinical services, and support groups to thousands of men who have sex with men. Many of the men in question have yielded to cultural burdens to marry women despite their sexuality. 

The prince himself was forced into marriage in 1991 but has since said the relationship was "a total disaster". It resulted in divorce the following year. 

Prince Manvendra, who had a highly traditional and conservative upbringing, appeared as a guest on The Oprah Winfrey Show back in 2007. He was one of three persons featured on the show titled “Gay Around the World”, saying he does not regret coming out and that he thinks the people living in his state admire him for the leading role he has taken in preventing and educating about HIV/Aids.

Last summer, India’s Supreme Court issued a historic ruling confirming the right of the country’s LGBT people to express their sexuality without discrimination. 

Judges in India ruled sexual orientation is covered under clauses in the Indian Constitution that link to liberty in spite of the government claiming there was no legal right to privacy. The ruling leads the way for discriminatory practices against LGBT people in the country to be challenged in the courts.

November 11, 2016

Warwick Rowers Dedicate Their {Bare Naked} Calendar to LGBT’s

The ally's role is going to be so crucial to holding the line for LGBT rights in the potential Trumpian authoritarian dystopia to come. The Warwick Rowers are an English rowing team comprised of both gay and straight men that release steamy nude calendars to raise funds for their Sport Allies charity, dedicated to fostering inclusivity in the athletic community. Their spokesman explains why their cause is more important now than ever before:

There has been a 147% increase in homophobic attacks post Brexit, and it seems likely the Trump vote will amplify this globally. These votes give bigots permission to dismiss the rights of anyone they see as outsiders. Never before has the LGBT community had greater need of its straight allies. Only they can prove beyond question that the battle for LGBT rights comes not from self-interest but from a belief in justice and human rights. And that we are not outsiders, but part of every family and every community.

The men of Warwick are releasing a new calendar for 2017 - it's muy picante and for an excellent cause - you can pick one up here. Watch the promo video below, and check out our own sexy photo shoot with the Warwick rowers here.

October 17, 2016

Germany Receives Gay Immigrants with Safe Shelters

A tall, muscular man walked across the lobby wearing large earrings, generously applied make-up and a light blue dress.

“Hello, it’s nice to meet you,” said Abdel, a transvestite from Iraq.

Welcome to Germany’s first shelter for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transvestite and intersex migrants.

It is hidden away on a quiet, leafy road in Berlin, where dozens of migrants are kept under round-the-clock security to protect them from fellow migrants hostile to homosexuality.

“I wouldn’t want to be in a shelter with straight refugees,” said Bashar Taha, an ethnic Kurd from northern Iraq. “It’s too dangerous. Many people from the Middle East are very homophobic — people get beaten and even killed.”

Stephan Jakel, a therapist and the centre’s manager, said: “Many of our residents are traumatised.”

Their plight highlights the difficulties Germany faces in integrating the 890,000 registered migrants it took in last year, some from places where homosexuality can be punished by death.

Most gay migrants coming to Germany hide their sexuality for fear of being attacked by compatriots, says Jakel. Others face such danger the state of Berlin has qualified them as people with “special reception needs”, along with children, disabled people and pregnant women.

Shocked by the violence, including stabbings, suffered by gay people at the hands of their compatriots in refugee camps, German authorities initially offered separate accommodation in hotels and private apartments but this proved too expensive. Now specifically designed shelters have caught on.

Once at the shelter, new residents get free medical care including, if requested, specialised treatment such as hormone therapy for transsexuals. The shelter, run by Schwulenberatung, Europe’s biggest gay help group, is luxurious compared with facilities in other parts of the country. Ultraliberal Berlin has invested heavily: annual running costs approach £900,000, not including therapy and legal aid.

Security guards, including a veteran of the Berlin nightclub scene, have been chosen with care; only those showing sensitivity to gay issues are accepted. With double bedrooms and spacious common areas fitted with designer furniture, the atmosphere is relaxed, reminiscent of a university hall of residence.

Migrants are offered language lessons. Among the phrases recently scrawled on the blackboard in German one day recently were: “I am gay” and “I want to have sex”. “The first thing they want to do is to start a normal life,” said Jakel with a smile.

Getting a job is not the “first priority” for them, he added. Even so, some of the shelter’s residents have acquired work as DJs and bouncers in gay clubs.

Taha, 25, was a successful make-up artist and pop star in his homeland. He decided to flee after being exposed as a homosexual and receiving threats on social media. “I Googled the situation for gay people in Berlin — and that’s why I came here,” he said.

Since fleeing to Germany, he is no longer in touch with his family. They had always objected to his work and lifestyle as “haram”, forbidden in Arabic.

“My parents don’t accept me as I am,” he said. “But I’m not going to change.”

Refugees at the shelter can join the karate club to learn self-defence. It may serve them well. Even among this community of the persecuted, fights over politics and religion have erupted — residents include Christians, Shi’ite and Sunni Muslims and atheists from countries such as Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan. Some have had to be forcibly evicted for aggression or drug use.

“We’ve set an iron rule: no talk of religion or politics,” said Jakel. “This might be a more open-minded group but in reality we also face the same challenges as any other refugee centre, or rather society as a whole.”

June 11, 2014

Law firms Rush to Get the Supremes case Next year on Gay marriage but only to defend it


 As U.S. lawsuits seeking gay-marriage rights move toward a likely showdown at the Supreme Court next year, major law firms are rushing to get involved — but only on the side of the proponents.
A Reuters review of more than 100 court filings during the past year shows that at least 30 of the country's largest firms are representing challengers to state laws banning same-sex marriage. Not a single member of the Am Law 200, a commonly used ranking of the largest U.S. firms by revenue, is defending gay marriage prohibitions.
These numbers and interviews with lawyers on both sides suggest that the legal industry has reached its Mozilla moment. The software company's CEO, Brendan Eich, resigned in April after being denounced by gay marriage supporters for a donation he had made in support of California's since-overturned gay marriage ban. Now in a similar vein, attorneys at major law firms are getting the message that if they want to litigate against gay marriage they should do so elsewhere.
Earlier this year Gene Schaerr, a partner at Winston Strawn in Washington, D.C., quit the 850-lawyer firm so he could represent his home state, Utah, in its defense of a ban on same-sex marriage. Schaerr, a Mormon, told colleagues in an email that became public that he was following his "religious and family duty." Schaerr declined to comment, as did a Winston Strawn spokeswoman.
Same-sex marriage is legal in 19 of the 50 U.S. states, and in the District of Columbia. Last June, in the milestone U.S. v. Windsor case, the Supreme Court struck down a federal law defining marriage as between a man and a woman for purposes of federal benefits. Emboldened by that decision, gay and lesbian couples have launched at least 70 lawsuits calling for a broader right, and three cases have been heard by federal appeals courts.
In many of the cases, law firms filed friend-of-the-court briefs on behalf of allies including gay-rights groups, law professors and big companies such as Amazon (AMZN.O), Google(GOOGL.O) and Starbucks (SBUX.O). In some cases, big law firms have made a larger commitment and are representing parties to the litigation. Virtually all are working for free or at cut rates as part of their "pro bono" programs to provide legal services they deem to be in the public interest.
The 850-lawyer firm Akin Gump, for example, sued the state of Texas last year on behalf of two same-sex couples and has filed friend-of-the-court briefs in the appeals cases testing Utah, Oklahoma and Virginia bans. The firm said it has donated at least 1,100 hours so far in the litigation.
States defending gay marriage bans are represented by state government lawyers, but some have also turned to outside counsel. According to the Reuters review, the private attorneys who have signed up to represent states or are backing allied groups with friend-of-the-court briefs are predominantly from religious and conservative organizations, such as the Alliance Defending Freedom and the Beckett Fund, or are from small law firms.
Several lawyers opposed to same-sex marriage rights said they believed big firms would not litigate for that side even if attorneys asked to do so. They pointed to the example of Mozilla's Eich as an example of the pressures being faced.
Andrew Pugno, a lawyer for the group that defended California's ban when it was challenged by same-sex couples, said he considered big firms when searching for someone to argue the case. In at least one situation, Pugno said, a lawyer at a big firm was interested but partners refused to let him take on the work. He declined to identify the person or firm.
“I personally know many good lawyers in large firms who ... are terrified of speaking out even within their own firms,” said Pugno, who has a small firm near Sacramento, Calif. He declined to name any.
Opponents of gay marriage also referred to Paul Clement, the prominent Washington, D.C., litigator who quit his law firm, King & Spalding, in 2011 after it withdrew as counsel for a congressional group defending the federal law that defined marriage as between a man and woman.
In his resignation letter, which was made public, Clement said he acted "out of the firmly-held belief that representation should not be abandoned because the client's legal position is extremely unpopular in certain quarters. Defending unpopular positions is what lawyers do." Clement now works at a small firm.
Law firms are also sensitive to an annual "corporate equality" index published by the Human Rights Campaign, a gay rights advocacy group. It awards points for such factors as benefits to same-sex partners and support for gay-marriage litigation, and docks those who oppose it. Most law firms get "100%" ratings, but in its 2011 index Human Rights Campaign rated the 900-lawyer firm Foley & Lardner "85%" and dropped it to “60%” the following year. Explaining its ratings in accompanying literature, the group said Foley & Lardner had chosen to represent “clearly discriminatory clients.”
During that period, the firm represented a group, National Organization for Marriage, that challenged the District of Columbia’s law allowing gay unions. The case failed, and the representation ended. In its next report, for 2013, the Human Rights Campaign raised the firm's rating to "100%." A Foley & Lardner spokeswoman declined to comment on the episode.
"Fear is a healthy motivator to do the right thing,” said Fred Sainz, a spokesman for the Human Rights Campaign. “I’m not suggesting that the other side shouldn’t have attorneys. I’m saying we’re going to judge those attorneys."
Lawyers at major firms working for gay marriage say they feel a societal obligation. There is a "desire to advance an extremely important equality issue," said Kimberly Parker, chair of the pro bono committee at WilmerHale, a 1000-lawyer firm that filed a friend-of-the-court brief on behalf of a gay-rights advocacy group in the Utah, Oklahoma and Virginia cases.
At WilmerHale, as at many firms, pro bono projects are typically proposed by individual lawyers and then screened primarily for possible conflicts of interest with existing clients.
Some law firms also say their efforts can be good for business, particularly when it comes to relations with corporate clients that have internal policies supporting gay rights, and in efforts to recruit young lawyers.
Theodore Olson, a partner at Gibson Dunn, argued against Virginia's marriage ban in May and has advocated for gay marriage since he and another top litigator, David Boies, challenged California's Proposition 8 in 2009.
Before that, Olson was best known for arguing on behalf of conservatives in major Supreme Court cases such as the one in 2000 that allowed George W. Bush to take the White House and the 2010 decision striking down major campaign-finance regulations in the Citizens United case.
Now, he says, potential recruits see him differently. “I had no idea how popular I would be on law school campuses,” he said, adding jokingly: “All of sudden, the monster I was from Bush v. Gore and Citizens United is gone.”
(Reporting By Joan Biskupic; Editing by Amy Stevens and Martin Howell)

December 5, 2013

Madonna Open Letter of Support for Russia’s LGTB

MadonnaInternational philanthropist Madonna has stepped up her battle for gay rights in Russia by writing an open letter calling for change. 

The 55 year-old star sparked controversy during her trip to Russia last year  by publicly backing jailed punk starsPussy Riot and voicing her support for the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. The move prompted homophobic activists in the country to file a lawsuit against the American singer-songwriter, which was later dismissed, over claims she violated a local law banning the promotion of homosexuality. 

Madonna has refused to back down, and she has now written an open letter demanding supporters around the world band together to "fight against the Russian government's campaign of hate". 

The singer has thrown her support behind the Human Rights Campaign's Love Conquers Hate drive, which she insists is more relevant than ever for Russia as the 2013 Winter Olympics in Sochi approach. 

She writes, "Right now in Russia, LGBT people... are being targeted by hateful new laws that outlaw support for LGBT equality. Even with the 2014 Sochi Olympics just a few months away, fair-minded Russians are facing fines, harassment, and violence at the hands of thugs. 

"At this dangerous moment in Russian history, we as advocates have a responsibility to speak up and take our hopeful message global. That's why I'm joining HRC's Love Conquers Hate campaign, in hopes that more and more fair-minded people around the world will stand up and fight against the Russian government's campaign of hate... 

"The goal of these hateful laws (in Russia) is to leave LGBT Russians feeling isolated. Worthless. Completely alone. Together, we can send a message to LGBT Russians that the world is on their side, and that those who seek to support them aren't alone in this fundamental fight for fairness. It's time for love to conquer hate everywhere, for everyone. I hope you'll stand with me in this fight."

September 18, 2013

Stonewall & Paddy Power Want Gay Players to Get Support by Having All Players to Wear Rainbow Laces


Stonewall and Paddy Power team up for 'Right Behind Gay Footballers' campaign
UK gay rights organization, Stonewall, and bookmaker, Paddy Power, are calling on footballers to show support for their gay players by lacing up their boots with rainbow colours, Pink Newsreports.
Laces have been sent out to the players in all 134 professional clubs in the UK.
The campaign, “Right Behind Gay Footballers,” is urging every player to wear the laces during the upcoming weekend’s matches on Sept 21 and 22.
“It’s time for football clubs and players to step up and make a visible stand against homophobia in our national game. That’s why we’re working with Paddy Power on this fun and simple campaign,” Stonewall’s deputy chief executive Laura Doughty says. “By wearing rainbow laces players will send a message of support to gay players and can begin to drag football in to the 21st century.” 
A Paddy Power spokesman says football needs “a kick up the arse,” adding that it’s time the sport to adopt the stance that it doesn’t matter “what team they play for.”
Queens Park Ranger player Joey Barton has already thrown his support behind the campaign, tweeting photos of himself wearing the laces and encouraging other professional players in England and Scotland to join the campaign. According to Pink News, Barton has spoken out against homophobia in the past but was summoned before an ethics committee of the French Football Association earlier in the year for transphobic remarks he made to a Paris Saint-Germain player.
Meanwhile, Professional Footballers' Association (PFA) chairman Clarke Carlisle has said that at least eight players have told him they are gay, with seven saying they are reluctant to go public because of the potential negative reaction of fans and media. 
"We have anecdotal evidence that players are out within their clubs and don't have a problem . . . we are trying to create an atmosphere for people to come out safely, but at the moment there is a big barrier," Gay Football Supporters Network chairman Chris Basiurski has said. "The fact is, we have never really tested the fans, both home or away, on this."
Basiurski praised the Stonewall-Paddy Power campaign. “Footballers are admired for their bravery on the pitch and we encourage them to show equal bravery off the pitch by standing up for their gay teammates. We’re delighted to see a high-profile, anti-homophobia-in-football campaign with backing from a major company."
But just recently, Oliver Kahn, a former goalkeeper for the German national team advised gay players to stay in the closet, even as he concludes that homosexuality is not a “big deal” in society anymore.
“It may sound sad, but I wouldn’t advise [a gay player] to come out,” Kahn says, arguing that abuse from fans of opposing teams is a potential problem for gay players.

Robert Redford Offers His Support to The LGTB Community

The mood was electric at Equality Utah's annual dinner with more than 2,000 people giving a standing ovation to filmmaker and activist Robert Redford as he offered his support for the state's LGBT community.

  • The mood was electric at Equality Utah's annual dinner with more than 2,000 people giving a standing ovation to filmmaker and activist Robert Redford as he offered his support for the state's LGBT community.
  • "I'm here for the same reason you are — equal rights for all," Redford told the group Monday night. "Like you, I believe there's no place in our world for discrimination. None."
  • Redford's tone was serious as he briefly addressed the sold-out crowd, dressed in red cowboy boots and denim jeans paired with a collared shirt and blazer. This was his first time at the annual Allies Dinner, an event for gay and straight Utahns celebrating together the campaign for equal rights for the LGBT community.
  • Redford began his remarks offering appreciation for the freedoms and rights that come with being Americans.
  • "I hope in this particular case that Utah can catch up," Redford added, answered by cheers. "What happens in Utah can matter in a profound way. Anytime you change the lines or change laws in Utah that are discriminatory, many are going to see it as a benchmark, possibly, for other places."
  • Gay and lesbian Utahns, many accompanied by friends and family, made up the crowd, which also included local politicians and community activists. Redford encouraged the group at the Salt Palace Convention Center to take courage under the night's theme, "Equality in My Community."
  • "The power of your personal story has the power to move hearts and minds, break down barriers and change points of view," he said.
  • Introducing the evening, Allies Dinner co-chairwoman Donna Weinholtz announced she predicts Utah will be the first conservative, Republican state to pass a comprehensive housing and workplace nondiscrimination bill, a hot issue at the 2013 Legislature.
  • Those local and national advances toward granting equal rights to the LGBT community encouraged Salt Lake City resident Doug Smith, who identified himself as a gay man, to attend the Allies Dinner for the first time Monday.
  • "I'm 60 years old, have five kids, and I've just decided, you know, it's time to stand up and speak out," Smith said. "It's about being a good neighbor, but the same things you expect of a neighbor, you need to be."
  • Chris and Debra Nelson, of Murray, were invited to the Allies Dinner by some of Chris' co-workers. While he initially said he didn't have a firm opinion about ensuring rights for same-sex couples, his support has grown as he has gotten to know some of his gay friends.
  • "It's hard to understand it until you know folks who are in those relationships," he said. "It's harder to judge people once you walk in their shoes a little bit and get to know them."
  • Upon learning about their experiences, Debra Nelson said she realized there were many aspects of being in a traditional relationship that she took for granted, such as passing on life insurance, making decisions if one partner is hospitalized or being able to marry.
  • "When they're a part of your lives, applying those same kind of prejudices to people that you love is a lot more difficult," she said.
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  • Twitter: McKenzieRo     


September 3, 2013

Who Knew? A 'Just' friend of Gay Civil Rights In The Highest Place

Pool photo by Charles Dharapak
Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, center, at the State of the Union address this year, has written three landmark opinions on gay rights.

Justice Kennedy was in San Francisco for an American Bar Association meeting, but he was also there to be celebrated by the men on the risers behind him. In remarks from the stage, San Francisco’s mayor, Edwin M. Lee, thanked the justice “for upholding the Constitution and justice for all” in his majority opinion in June in United States v. Windsor, a major gay rights victory.
“Freedom is always a work in progress,” Justice Kennedy said in his own remarks, making clear that there was more work to be done.
Justice Kennedy has emerged as the most important judicial champion of gay rights in the nation’s history, having written three landmark opinions on the subject, including this summer’s Windsor decision, which overturned a ban on federal benefits for married same-sex couples. Those rulings collectively represent a new chapter in the nation’s civil rights law, and they have cemented his legacy as a hero to the gay rights movement.
“He is the towering giant in the jurisprudence of freedom and equality for gay people,” said Evan Wolfson, the president of Freedom to Marry and one of the architects of the political and legal push for same-sex marriage.
That push has taken on momentum thanks to the Windsor decision, which gay rights groups are citing in challenges to state bans on same-sex marriage. On Thursday, the Internal Revenue Service said it would implement the Windsor ruling by recognizing the unions of all lawfully married same-sex couples, including those living in states that do not allow same-sex marriage.
On Saturday, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who joined Justice Kennedy’s majority opinion in Windsor, became the first member of the court to officiate at a same-sex wedding.
The praise now being showered on Justice Kennedy by gay rights advocates — and the deep disappointment of conservatives — would have been hard to imagine when President Ronald Reagan nominated him to the Supreme Court in 1987. Gay rights groups were more than a little wary then.
On the federal appeals court in California, where Justice Kennedy had served for 13 years, he heard five cases concerning gay rights. He voted against the gay rights claim every time.
“I have to say that Kennedy seems rather obtuse on important gay issues and must be counted as a likely vote against us on most matters likely to come before the Supreme Court,” Arthur S. Leonard, an authority on gay rights at New York Law School, wrote in The New York Native, a newspaper that focused on gay issues.
The justice’s trajectory since then has been a product of overlapping factors, associates and observers say. His Supreme Court jurisprudence is characterized by an expansive commitment to individual liberty. He believes that American courts should consider international norms, and foreign courts have expanded gay rights. His politics, reflecting his background as a Sacramento lawyer and lobbyist, tend toward fiscal conservatism and moderate social views. And he has long had gay friends.
Michael C. Dorf, a law professor at Cornell who served as a law clerk to Justice Kennedy, said the key to understanding his former boss was the culture of his home state.
“The way to think about his instincts is that he is fundamentally a California Republican,” Professor Dorf said. “It’s not surprising that a California Republican in 1987 would be expected to be at best an unreliable ally for gay rights groups.”
In the 1980s, California Republicans, like most Americans, had deep reservations about the notion of gay equality. But there were also early stirrings of the gay rights movement in California.
Harvey Milk, a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors and one of the first openly gay elected officials, delivered a landmark gay rights speech in 1978 (on which the song “Give ’Em Hope” was based). Mr. Milk was assassinated later that year.
The same year, Reagan, a former California governor preparing to run for president, helped defeat a ballot initiative that would have made it easy to fire gay teachers.
Over time, some leading California Republicans moved more on the issue than many Republicans elsewhere. Theodore B. Olson, a Northern Californian who served as the United States solicitor general under President George W. Bush, helped lead the fight to overturn Proposition 8, the state’s ban on same-sex marriage.
Justice Kennedy’s three major gay rights decisions are in this tradition, Professor Dorf said. They also hark back to a third California Republican, Chief Justice Earl Warren, another former governor, who wrote Brown v. Board of Education, the 1954 decision barring segregation in public schools.
Romer v. Evans, in 1996, struck down a Colorado constitutional amendment that had banned laws protecting gay men and lesbians. Lawrence v. Texas, in 2003, struck down laws making gay sex a crime. And in June, Justice Kennedy wrote the Windsor decision.
In 1987, gay rights advocates could see little of this coming. Jeffrey Levi, then the executive director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, testified against Justice Kennedy at his confirmation hearings, saying that “his past opinions offer little hope to gays and lesbians challenging adverse treatment in the courts.”
Professor Levi, who now teaches health policy at George Washington University, said in an e-mail that “there was no way to predict that Justice Kennedy would ‘evolve’ as he did (given prior opinions on gays in the military, immigration and federal employment).”
Professor Levi drew a comparison to Dr. C. Everett Koop, whose nomination as surgeon general under Reagan was opposed by gay rights groups based on hostile statements he had made.
“He turned out to be a hero of the early fight against AIDS,” Professor Levi said of Dr. Koop.

There were, though, other ways to read the available evidence about the Kennedy nomination. As a federal judge in 1980, when he voted to uphold the discharge of Navy personnel for homosexuality, he seemed to leave the door open to further challenges.
“We recognize, as we must,” he wrote for a unanimous three-judge panel, “that there is substantial academic comment which argues that the choice to engage in homosexual action is a personal decision entitled, at least in some instances, to recognition as a fundamental right and to full protection as an aspect of the individual’s right of privacy.”
Seven years later, at Judge Kennedy’s confirmation hearings, Senator Gordon J. Humphrey, Republican of New Hampshire, said that language worried him. “My goodness,” he said, “you can find academic comment to justify almost anything.”
Judge Kennedy responded that he had thought it important for the service members “to know that I had considered their point of view.”
In 1986, a month after the Supreme Court upheld a Georgia law that made gay sex a crime in Bowers v. Hardwick, Judge Kennedy, not yet a justice, gave a speech at Stanford expressing reservations about the ruling. He contrasted it to a 1981 decisionfrom the European Court of Human Rights striking down a similar law in Northern Ireland.
Seventeen years later, Justice Kennedy cited the European court’s decision in his majority opinion in Lawrence v. Texas, which overruled Bowers.
“Its continuance as precedent demeans the lives of homosexual persons,” Justice Kennedy wrote.
Justice Harry A. Blackmun, who wrote the majority opinion in 1973 in Roe v. Wade, which established a constitutional right to abortion, warned Justice Kennedy to expect harsh criticism when he stood up for gay rights.
“Monday’s decision took courage,” Justice Blackmun wrote to Justice Kennedy, praising his majority opinion in 1996 in Romer v. Evans. “You undoubtedly now will receive a lot of critical and even hateful mail. I have had that experience.”
Justice Kennedy replied: “No one told us it was an easy job when we signed on.”
These days, Professor Dorf said, there is more praise than criticism, and Justice Kennedy has joined a select group.
“What Earl Warren was to civil rights and what Ruth Bader Ginsburg was to women’s rights,” he said, “Kennedy is to gay rights.”

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