July 31, 2019

Frederick

Thank you.....
got me in tears

Im back.........

Thank you for sticking with adamfoxie. Now back to work. Next edition will open as usual at 12am. Still much to do trying to have this machine talk to each other.


July 30, 2019

adamfoxie will be back....

Coming back but will stay up if you help out just a little bit................Adam...second or their hand equipment is been bought and is seems to be working. Don't have a day to start. Do help if you can, anything will even indicate your re being appreciate it.  Don't have to tell you what any good computer cost evens second hand..I was lucky thanks to ebay!!!



July 28, 2019

Adamfoxie ......

Hello dear readers. The main frame is broken and Im going to have to get a used one to continue. Adamfoxie blog International will be back. I will miss posting or writting stories that touch us in different ways. I was supposed to have retired but I don't think is going to happen. I do need your help if you have anything extra, just make a donation $ of any money. I anticipate to get back in buisness.         Adam





July 27, 2019

A Gay Man Held Prisoner in Chechen Lives To Tell






BY KATY STEINMETZ 
8:00 AM EDT
It was just after lunchtime on the day Amin Dzhabrailov was taken. A woman who was about to get married had come to the salon in the Chechen capital of Grozny where he worked, and the two were happily chatting as he colored her hair. Then, he recalls, three men in uniform barged in, asking for him by name. Soon, Dzhabrailov was being hauled outside, handcuffed and thrust into the back of a car. It was hot. He felt like he couldn’t breathe. As the car took off, “my heart stopped,” he says.
Though the three men didn’t explain why they had come, it soon became clear, as they took Dzhabrailov’s phone, demanded his password and started scouring the device for messages and photos that would prove he was guilty of something considered deeply shameful in the conservative, predominantly Muslim republic: being gay. Dzhabrailov doesn’t recall how long the car ride lasted, but he does recall his overriding fear. “The door is going to open,” the 27-year-old tells TIME, “and I’m going to die.”
Dzhabrailov is one of at least dozens of men who were detained and tortured in an anti-gay “purge” that took place in Chechnya in 2017, according to news reportshuman rights organizations and European agencies. He is also one of the first to go on the record about his experience and reveal his identity in the media, though he fears retaliation against himself and his family. 
Despite international attention and outcry that followed the 2017 purge — including calls for Russian officials to investigate reported lawlessness and misbehavior among Chechen law enforcement — human rights organizationssay another anti-gay sweep took place in late 2018 and early 2019. Dzhabrailov, who fled to Canada from Russia after his detainment, is going public now because he wants to draw attention to the ongoing persecution of gay people in his homeland. “Each person matters. His rights matter,” Dzhabrailov says. 
It’s dangerous to tell his story. But two years in North America, including participation in New York City’s annual pride march this year, have helped him summon the courage to speak out. “It’s also dangerous not telling,” he says, “because this is going to continue.” 
Human rights groups and experts who have been keeping an eye on the Chechen situation express similar fears, and some say that what’s happening there is part of a broader trend. The rise of nationalism in many countries has dovetailed with the targeting of vulnerable minorities, even in countries like the United States that have seen civil rights for LGBTQ people shored up by lawmakers and courts: There has been an uptick in hate crimes against that demographic in the U.S. in recent years, with the majority targeting gay men. 
“What’s been reported in Chechnya is a crime against humanity,” says Lisa Davis, co-director of the Human Rights and Gender Justice Clinic at the CUNY School of Law. “And we see this as a pattern of practice, a wave of violence that’s been happening across the globe.” When events like those in Chechnya fail to lead to consequences such as international condemnation, even amid widespread publicity, she says, “it sends the message that such persecution is tolerated.” 
Chechen officials have denied such crackdowns occurred. One government spokesperson said it wasn’t possible because gay people “don’t exist” in that part of Russia and if they did, their own relatives would be so ashamed that they “would have sent them to where they could never return.” The first individual to publicly challenge that stance was forced to recant and apologize on state TV in late 2017, after he came out in TIME and the state went after him and his relatives. 
“This is insane,” Dzhabrailov says. “Gay people are just everywhere.”
Dzhabrailov’s description of being detained, beaten, and forcibly outed to relatives who were encouraged to commit “honor killings” echoes testimony from other men who have fled Russia’s Northern Caucasus region in recent years.
The car carrying the slender, normally bubbly young man that day in March 2017 stopped somewhere outside Grozny at an unfamiliar building, and Dzhabrailov was led into one of many rooms lining a long hallway.
Amin Dzhabrailov in New York on June 30, 2019.
Amin Dzhabrailov in New York on June 30, 2019.

Heather Sten for TIME
According to Human Rights Watch, the roundups in 2017 were carried out by law enforcement officials and sanctioned by top-level Chechen authorities. Dzhabrailov says he doesn’t know who the several men there to receive him in the room were. (They seemed to be police who were “doing dirty work,” he says.) But he clearly remembers their actions. They sat him on a chair, he says, and demanded that he admit to being gay and name other gay men. At the same time, he says they kicked him with heavy boots and hit him with long plastic pipes, not wanting to touch him directly because of his sexual orientation. 
Though he admitted to being gay, Dzhabrailov says the violence escalated when he refused to name other gay men. The men took out a black box that Dzhabrailov presumed was a lie detector but that turned out to be a machine that delivered electric shocks. They attached wires to his fingers and put water on his body to help the current travel more effectively. “It was so painful, you’re just screaming, that’s all you could do,” he says. 
Eventually one of the men pulled out a gun, put it into Dzhabrailov’s mouth and threatened to kill him if he didn’t give up names. “At this moment, I myself, died,” he says. As he describes this part of his ordeal, he struggles through tears and an inability to find all the words he wants in English. “I was so lost,” he repeats. “I was so lost.”
After vowing to “keep working” on him, the men put Dzhabrailov into another room in the same building with about 25 other people in it. Some were men who were there because they were presumed to be gay, but there were also men and women who were apparently being detained for other reasons, he says. 
Agencies like the Council of Europe’s Committee For the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment have long accused officials in Chechnya of unlawfully detaining and mistreating individuals (and have criticized Russian authorities’ “persistent failure to improve the situation”). While LGBT people are one at-risk group, abuses have also been reported among alleged drug users, suspected terrorists and journalists.
Dzhabrailov says he was held for two weeks, cycling from the room where detainees were kept — and where he slept using a half-full plastic bottle as a pillow — to the room where he was beaten. There was torture “almost” every day. He and other gay men were also put to work washing cars and bathrooms and, one day, taken to clean garbage out of a lake. He describes it as being treated “like slaves.” 
Each man dreaded hearing his name called by the people running the facility, because that meant it was his turn to be beaten and pressed for information about other gay men. But it was also hard to see anyone else get called. “You’re going to hear his screams from the other side of the wall,” Dzhabrailov explains, adding that the captives tried to encourage each other not to name names.
After he survived the first few days, Dzhabrailov began to hope that he would be released. That hope was realized in a bittersweet fashion when, after about two weeks, he and the other men were told to give up phone numbers of their family members. In typical fashion, Dzhabrailov had never come out to his family. Given the strength of the taboo in Chechnya, being openly gay “is simply not an option” and “coming out of the closet would be suicidal,” says Tanya Lokshina, associate director for Human Rights Watch in Europe and Central Asia.
Family members of all the detainees were summoned and gathered in a room and were then told that their siblings and sons were gay, Dzhabrailov says. Three of his brothers came. The detainees were then brought in and officials gestured to them, saying “‘You should take away your shame,’” Dzhabrailov recalls. “It was directly meaning ‘You should kill your kids because they are gay and this is shame for Chechnya and for your family.’”
When Dzhabrailov left with his brothers, he wanted to celebrate. He was thrilled to be released and to see them again. But there was only silence as they walked away from the building. “Everything changed,” he says. “My body was blue, purple. My heart was broken. My life was broken. I lost family, friends, career. Everything.”
His family did not hurt him. But for several days after he was released, Dzhabrailov could only sleep during the daytime, for fear that officials would return under the cover of darkness and take him again. After five days, he decided he had to leave Chechnya. He couldn’t have a life there now that he had been exposed. A longtime friend who had moved to Moscow from Chechnya asked him to come stay, and so on his 25th birthday, Dzhabrailov left everything he knew behind. 
The friend was Viskhan, a 28-year-old who prefers to only use his first name and tells TIME through a translator that he had left the republic years earlier because he was also persecuted for being gay. In his case, this happened in a more typical but still brutal fashion: men who appeared to be police officials posed as someone interested in a romantic encounter on a dating app, and when Viskhan agreed to meet in person, he was beaten and threatened with a gun. 
Sometimes these assailants demand money from such victims. In Viskhan’s case, he says, they demanded that he message with another man through the dating site to gather information that could be used against that individual.
“You always feel guilty,” Viskhan says of being gay in Chechnya. And survivors like him continue to struggle with the trauma of having been targeted by powerful people. “When we sleep, we go to bed with fear and when we wake up, we wake up with fear,” he says. 
Viskhan, who is also now living as a refugee in Canada, had learned through friends in Chechnya that Dzhabrailov had “disappeared” for two weeks. In an interview with TIME, he describes the physical appearance of his friend when he arrived in Moscow as “horror,” motioning to his side, arms, hips and back to point out where Dzhabrailov was injured. When they saw each other at the airport, both began to cry. 
Dzhabrailov soon decided the Chechen diaspora in Moscow was too prevalent and close-knit for him to be safe. “There was this massive panic” at the time, Viskhan says, with gay Chechens fearful that officials would come after them and homophobic countrymen living in Moscow would be anxious to help. 
And so Dzhabrailov moved on to St. Petersburg. For a month, he stayed with another friend and never left the building, living with paranoia that he would be tracked down and, perhaps, killed this time.
Amin Dzhabrailov and Kimahli Powell, executive director of the Rainbow Railroad organization, watch the Pride parade in New York on June 30, 2019.
Amin Dzhabrailov and Kimahli Powell, executive director of the Rainbow Railroad organization, watch the Pride parade in New York on June 30, 2019.

Heather Sten for TIME
Eventually the friend convinced him to reach out to a group called the Russian LGBT Network, which was attempting to help victims of the Chechen purge. Many dreaded being hunted by their families as well, and the organization was looking for ways to get them out of Russia. After months of waiting and living in shelters provided by the group, Dzhabrailov finally found himself in a small room with someone who gave him hope that claiming asylum in another country might be possible. 
The Russian LGBT Network had contacted Rainbow Railroad, a Canada-based international organization that specializes in helping LGBT people escape countries where they face imminent danger because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. And the executive director, Kimahli Powell, had traveled to Russia to interview Chechen men who wanted to leave, a standard part of the organization’s vetting process.
It was nearing midnight when Powell prepared to sit down with Dzhabrailov, who was his last interview of a long day. He recalls the young hairstylist being forthright and — in what appeared to be a means of creating some order among chaos — especially well-coiffed. After hearing his story, along with dozens of others on the trip, “we knew we had to get them out of the country,” Powell says. “The question became where.”
Though Rainbow Railroad is guarded about how it facilitates travel, the organization will say that it eventually resettled roughly 70 Chechen men in other countries, some victims of the purge and some with credible fears that they would be targeted. Some went to Belgium, some to the Netherlands, and many went to Canada. 
Dzhabrailov vividly remembers stepping off a plane in North America in July of 2017, four months after his abduction. “I felt like I came back home. I was feeling so calm,” he says, “like I left a dark room and opened up the door to the light.” 
Some months later, after Viskhan’s life was threatened by a Chechen man living in Moscow, the same organizations helped him flee too. 
When reports of the 2017 purge in Chechnya surfaced, it seemed like Russian officials would act. Investigations appeared to be getting underway but such efforts came to little, watchdogs say. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, a regional security organization that counts 57 states among its members, did its own investigation and released its findings in late 2018, concluding that the allegations of unlawful detentions and torture in Chechnya were credible. “[T]here is a problem of total impunity of the security forces” amid a “grave situation with regard to human rights,” it said.
Viskhan sees the crackdowns as part of wider oppression that has taken root in recent years. Kremlin-backed strongman Ramzan Kadyrov has kept the once rebellious region firmly under Moscow’s control for well over a decade. In exchange, the Kremlin has allowed him to rule Chechnya as what some reportshave described as a “personal fiefdom.” On his watch, women allegedly have been intimidated and shot with paintball guns for wearing clothes that Muslim men deemed immodest, for example.
“People gradually started having feelings of hate toward the modern way of life. The society saw that more and more people were free, freely expressing themselves,” Viskhan says of how the culture in Chechnya changed as he got older. “This manifested in hatred toward different ways of life.”
Experts on LGBT rights say that lawlessness — along with religion or conservative beliefs about gender norms — tends to be the common thread when it comes to identifying places where gay or transgender people are most at-risk. While the purges in Chechnya have been unusual in terms of their scale and severity, at least 68 countries have laws that criminalize same-sex relations, and persecution of LGBT individuals is not uncommon around the world. Countries such as UgandaEgyptBrunei and Iraq have all seen breakouts of anti-gay animus in recent years.
Rainbow Railroad has been seeing this wave in terms of the number of requests from people who want help leaving their home countries out of fear for their safety. In 2018, it received 1,300 such requests. This year, the organization had 1,500 requests by June. “It’s consistent story after story of just real horrific persecution,” Powell says.
Several factors limit how many people Rainbow Railroad can move each year. It is dependent on donations and the openness of host countries. There are some countries, like Syria, where the organization’s workers simply cannot develop safe routes of passage.
None of the roughly 70 Chechens that Rainbow Railroad relocated went to the United States. The situation required “a response that was more immediate and more robust than the United States was willing to do,” Powell says. In the hopes of furthering their work with the country — even under the Trump Administration, which pushed to limit the acceptance of refugees — both he and Dzhabrailov visited officials in Washington, D.C. last year. They met with staff from the State Department, the White House and Congress, and the Chechen refugee told his story while Powell tried to summon political will. “Did I leave with any promises? Absolutely not,” Powell says. But, he adds, “we’re playing a long game here.”
While Dzhabrailov is going public to help shine the international spotlight on what happened to men like him, he is also thinking about what life was like when he was a boy. He remembers how, as a young man, he heard about a Chechen man who was murdered because he was gay. Growing up, he lived in fear, adopting two personas — a straight one and a secret one, pursuing romance only in hidden locations and using fake names. His hope is that young gay men in Chechnya might come across his story today and see that there’s hope. “Even if you’re in trouble, you can get out,” he says, “and be free men, just free men.”
As for official denials that the purge took place, Dzhabrailov has few words to say. “The truth,” he says, “exists.”
Write to Katy Steinmetz at katy.steinmetz@time.com.

Have You Seen These Men? Married in 1957 Not Allowed To Keep their Photos



Image: The mysterious wedding photos of a gay couple were first printed in 1957 in a drug store in Philadelphia.
The mysterious wedding photos of a gay couple were first printed in 1957 in a drug store in Philadelphia.Courtesy of the John J. Wilcox Archives





By John Paul Brammer
Two men dressed in their Sunday best, boutonnieres on their lapels, are pictured jointly cutting into a cake. In another photo, they share a passionate kiss as two attendees, perhaps their best men, look on. The year is 1957, over a decade before New York City’s Stonewall riots would reshape LGBTQ history in America as we know it.
Black and white images of this intimate wedding ceremony, held more than half a century ago, recently surfaced online after making their way into the public archives of the ONE Archives Foundation in Los Angeles and the John J. Wilcox Jr. Archives of Philadelphia. The photos have piqued the interest of LGBTQ history buffs and those who want to find the couple, so the men can finally, six decades later, receive their wedding pictures.
Image: The mysterious wedding photos of a gay couple were first printed in 1957 in a drug store in Philadelphia.
The mysterious wedding photos of a gay couple were first printed in 1957 in a drug store in Philadelphia.Courtesy of the John J. Wilcox Archives
The snapshots were unearthed by the daughter of a woman who worked at the Philadelphia drug store where where one of the gay men had tried to get the pictures developed, according to ONE Archives Foundation. The shop’s staff, however, deemed the images “inappropriate” and withheld them from the man.
“My mother had a somewhat photographic memory for faces and retained these in the event the customers who dropped them off ever came back to the shop so that she could give them to the customers on the sly,” the shop worker’s daughter wrote in a letter to the ONE Archives Foundation.
The woman unearthed the photos 60 years later and sold them on eBay in 2013 to a donor who then gave them to the ONE Archive Foundation. The images later made their way to the John J. Wilcox Jr. Archives of Philadelphia and were recently featured on the local news site Philadelphia Citizen. Historians and social media users interested in the story have been searching for the grooms since then to no avail. That quest continues apace, but meanwhile, the photos offer a unique glimpse into the everyday lives of gay people in a time that is too often construed as little more than a waiting period before the social upheavals of the ‘60s.
Image: The mysterious wedding photos of a gay couple were first printed in 1957 in a drug store in Philadelphia.
The mysterious wedding photos of a gay couple were first printed in 1957 in a drug store in Philadelphia.Courtesy of the John J. Wilcox Archives
Marc Robert Stein, a history professor at San Francisco State University and author of the book “City of Sisterly and Brotherly Loves: Lesbian and Gay Philadelphia, 1945-1972,” is uniquely qualified to speak on that past and help paint a fuller picture of the world the men from the photos might have lived in. It is unknown, however, whether the men lived in Philadelphia, or whether the photos were taken there.
Stein notes, importantly, that it was legal for the drug store's photography shop to turn the grooms away all those years ago, and it remains legal for businesses to do so today in much of the U.S.
Stein’s work helps bring into clarity the relationship between the LGBTQ community and commercial establishments in the midcentury, along with the challenges gay people faced from society at large and police in particular.
“We tend to associate beat coffee houses with San Francisco, but many American cities had them, and they were popular with jazz aficionados, poets, interracial couples and LGBTQ people,” Stein told NBC News of the popular gay gathering places at the time. “Many were targeted by police, like Humoresque, which was open right around the time Captain Frank Rizzo was beginning his political rise.”
Rizzo, whose image can be found today in a commemorative statue on Paine Plaza in front of Philadelphia’s Municipal Services Building, had a reputation for cruelty toward LGBTQ people and communities of color. At the time the wedding photos were thought to be taken, Rizzo would have been captain of the Philadelphia police force and regularly conducting raids on establishments that LGBTQ people frequented, using the excuse of drugs and noise complaints to harass patrons.
“It illustrates that on the one hand, there were dozens of commercial establishments including bars and clubs frequented by LGBTQ people, socializing and congregating in solidarity,” Stein said. “On the other hand, they were constantly under threat by police raids, violence, and harassment. Humoresque was the most publicly visible example.”
In early 1959, Rizzo led a raid on Humoresque Coffeeshop that resulted in the arrest of the owner and 34 patrons, presumably many of them gay, according to The Philadelphia Partisan. The police raids on establishments frequented by gay patrons reportedly started in the early ‘50s and continued well into the 1970s.
But even under these conditions, same-sex wedding ceremonies and rituals were taking place, albeit usually undercover and certainly a long way off from being recognized by the city or state in any capacity. One such ceremony is documented in the pages of The Philadelphia Tribune, the oldest continuously published black newspaper in the United States.
Image: The mysterious wedding photos of a gay couple were first printed in 1957 in a drug store in Philadelphia.
The mysterious wedding photos of a gay couple were first printed in 1957 in a drug store in Philadelphia.Courtesy of the John J. Wilcox Archives
On April 14, 1953, the paper had as its front-page story an article about a police raid on a wedding between two black women in their North Philadelphia home. The younger woman was described as “a blushing bride,” Stein said, while the older woman “was dressed in male clothes and went by the nickname ‘Duke.’” The article described a five-tiered wedding cake, a 10-pound turkey and “an unusual amount” of alcoholic beverages.
Duke, it is reported, argued with authorities that the wedding was merely entertainment for guests and that such a ceremony between two women was clearly a ruse, an elaborate ploy to throw a “pay and eat” party. This was strategic on Duke’s end, Stein said because it challenged her audience to be smart and offered Duke the option to play dumb. This was what survival for LGBTQ people often looked like back then: cleverly skirting law enforcement with a wink and a nod that others in the community would recognize.
The men in these recently unearthed wedding photos, if they are still alive, are likely in their late 80s or early 90s. There is presently nothing else known about them or their wedding guests, but regardless, their images shine additional light on a community that was often forced to hide in the shadows.
“It’s important for LGBTQ people to see ourselves represented in the past,” Stein said. “There’s this myth that life before the Stonewall riots was completely dark and dreary, and to see celebratory images of happy gay people fascinates us.”
Editor’s note: If you know the grooms — or if you're one of them — please contact nbcout@nbcuni.com.

July 26, 2019

PR Gov. Resigned But Knowing The PR Is A Colony With Criminal President Who Hates it, They are Not his Color, Where Does PR Goes From Here?




The below story is from Issac Chotiner and originally posted at  The New Yorker. What I printed here is just part of the whole story and invite you to read it. Whether you do or not I appreciate you reading what I posted here. Puerto Rico is a case of the United States imperialism who through lies is been kept the secret with the promised that Puerto Ricans were to change their future and they could choose the present status or opt for independence or statehood. These are all lies and hurricane Maria and criminal Trump showed the Emperor was walking around Washington DC without any clothes. The truth is that PR has been a badly kept colony and is gotten to the point in which people now know what they didn't before. Puerto Ricans are peaceful, happy people in general and if they could take the long road but in peace, they will not go for the short cut.


When a deal was made with Puerto Rico's first Governor,  Martín Muñoz Marín and the Eisenhower administration and the Congress of 1957, nowhere was it written or told that Puerto Rico was to remain a colony forever. The first Governor said "This is the first step and in no way it means is permanent. This will give our people the opportunity to put their foot on the ground. Puerto Rico was no longer an agriculture exporting island but now it was being converted with the help of the federal government a factory island exporting pharmaceutical and int heir words supplying Puerto Rico with a way of earning a decent income. My father had acres of land cultivating sure canes and on the season all these men came looking for work and he will hire 10-20 men and a truck or two to have these canes cut load up the truck and take it to the "Central" or sugar mill to be converted into sugar.
My dads land went nowhere but the dismantled all the sugar mills and that was it for the sugar production in Puerto Rico. Dad sold all his acres, originally had 17 and bought a house with a backyard I came to use the toilet in my own house for the first time in my life. No one had to go with me to the latrine because I was horrified of it. The toilet was inside the house. Oh wao what luxury!
The point here is what the government did. It destroyed the agriculture of this rich island to converted into something that only the government in Washington could control at the price it dictated.




I don't wish to go into the economics of the Island but to stay within the politics of the Island because this provides the roadmap to take. Puerto Ricans are being put against the wall but Puerto Rico won't be the only state in which the US went in and then abandoned it. Yes, there is Irak and the US obtained PR the same way. Puerto Rico was taken from Spain or given by Spain as a price of war. The point is the US took it and made it it's own.  Too far from Spain and a with the kingdom that was on a diet and getting smaller all the time. Not all the Puerto Ricans accepted this and therefore there were a lot of killings from soldiers and cops shooting on Puerto Ricans. There was a couple of rebellions the best-known one is called "El Grito de Lares" in which the "Jibaros" from the mountains, the ones that nobody thought even knew what was going on came down to take over the government. My brother on my father's side and I being a small boy, many years later will say to all of us while we listen to his stories in the Army. He was in Korea and he was brought down to one of the Army Units (Roosevelt Camp). He said the President ordered the Army and the Puerto Rico national Guard to shoot to kill the rebels. He said by the Time he got to Lares in a truck  everything was over except the bodies were littering the town streets and roads. There was no place that bodies were not thrown all about. As a result, he almost lost his mind. He was never was the same. Even though he was a good decent man the baby of my dad and his first wife who was raised by my mom after she married my dad. He was now short tempered and sometimes he said things that people would say he most be crazy. The story about El grito de Lares was not made up because it was well documented then and there were plenty of witnesses and there is plenty of writting about this period of the Puerto Rican life as a property of the US, something we criticize others of doing. Isn't that what China wants of Taiwan and we have even signed a treaty to defend them against China. They deserve liberty and to choose their future. Taiwan can but Puerto Rico cannot. I touched on Irak as we took over them and their government and then abandoned them. That is what a criminal president said he would do and so is keeping his promise. You see the government being corrupt, not all are but when people don't have anything to put their trust own they go for themselves. The worse stealing were people that Trump recommended to Ricky. Imagine the person in charge of education was not even a Puerto Rican. She started doing what they did with agriculture, Closing the schools. Eliminating. More dependence and only for people with money.




Puerto Rico’s governor, Ricardo Rosselló, resigned on Wednesday night after a profane group chat between Roselló and his top aides was leaked to the press, launching a crisis that left the island’s politics in a state of suspension. The group’s members joked about the deaths of more than three thousand Puerto Ricans in Hurricane Maria, in the fall of 2017 (“Don’t we have some cadavers to feed our crows?”), made misogynistic and homophobic remarks, and insulted their political adversaries. In recent days, two members of Roselló’s government also announced their resignations and the F.B.I. arrested two former cabinet officials for corruption; right now, Wanda Vázquez, the Secretary of Justice, is his most likely replacement.





The scandal is a recent one, but the roots of discontent go back much longer. Puerto Ricans have long chafed at the island’s poor governance and commonwealth status. Their concerns, though, became acute during the debt crisis of 2016, which led former President Barack Obama to appoint a federal board to oversee Puerto Rico’s finances, and after Hurricane Maria, which was catastrophically mismanaged by the Trump Administration. The combination of a decade-long recession, an enormous debt burden, austerity measures imposed by the federal board, and an American President with contempt for the island has prompted many Puerto Ricans to contend that they are neither free to govern their own affairs nor granted the respect and dignity of other Americans.
Rosselló’s decision to step down was met with widespread jubilation. But where does Puerto Rico go from here? To talk about this question, I spoke by phone with Yarimar Bonilla, a professor of Puerto Rican studies and anthropology at Hunter College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and the co-editor of the forthcoming anthology “Aftershocks of Disaster: Puerto Rico Before and After the Storm.” She is in Puerto Rico conducting research on the hurricane-recovery effort and has recently been interviewing protesters. During our conversation, which has been edited for length and clarity, we also discussed what has changed in Puerto Rican attitudes during the past several years, the ideological component of the protests, and why the question of sovereignty has been temporarily sidelined.

How much do you view this resignation as a direct result of the chat group leaking, and how much was this about long-festering anger, to the degree that the two can be separated?
I think the chat was the catalyst, and I think, within the context of the chat, a big part of it was corruption, but I think a big part of it was also mocking the dead of [Hurricane] Maria. It is visible in the placards and signs everyone is carrying. The fact that they mocked the dead was really something people could not tolerate after what they had gone through after Maria.

How much was Rosselló a symbol of a discredited élite? Was it important that his father was the governor, too?

I think so, because he represented a political dynasty and old-school politics, in a way, and those who have held onto power. It is important to note that this is a movement led very much by young people, and, for them, he represents the kind of voting processes that their parents engaged in. And for a long time, people here have been saying, “We need to vote differently, we need to vote intelligently.” A lot of the young people that I am talking to say they are not going to vote the way their parents or grandparents did. They also want to get rid of the political class in general, and the political party system.
To what degree have these protests had an ideological character, beyond a rebellion against the system?

PR
Isaac Chotiner is a staff writer at The New Yorker, where he is the principal contributor to Q. & A., a series of timely interviews with major public figures in politics, media, books, business, technology, and more.


Boys to Men Being Gay and Masculine



 





Boys to Men is an interview series featuring conversations between author Thomas Page McBee and some of our favorite men about learning — and unlearning — masculinity.

Greyson Chance, the 21-year-old YouTube star from Oklahoma, is probably still best known for his stunning sixth-grade music festival performance of Lady Gaga’s “Paparazzi” that went viral in 2010. If you haven’t seen it, it’s worth watching: Chance is a precocious and unselfconscious piano man, and the handheld recording juxtaposes his passion against the performative boredom of his peers, in full view behind him.

The video racked up more than 65 million views, which landed Chance an appearance on the Ellen show and a recording contract with her label. He has since released two albums, including this year’s Portraits. The music video for the lead single features three love stories told across gender and sexuality. Chance himself came out as gay in 2017 in an Instagram post. We talked about reimagining coming out as a masculine rite-of-passage, and how trans people got him to think more deeply about gender identity.

Thomas Page McBee: When did you first realize that you were a man?

Greyson Chance: Probably when I came out to my friends and family. I think I was 16. It felt like I had seen older adult males in my life, like my dad and my grandpa and my older brother, go through consequential moments where they had to be a bit more courageous than they are in their day-to-day, and that felt like stepping into manhood. I really felt confident in who I was as a man after I came out.

TPM: Has your idea of what being a man means changed since you were 16?

GC: It’s constantly evolving. I'm starting to realize as I'm getting older that being a man and being firm in your masculinity is so far removed from an exterior vision of it. It has nothing to do with the way you dress or the way you talk, or how you identify.

I think, for me, it really goes back to principles. It means taking care of the people around you, sticking up for your friends, sticking up for your family, being brave, not stepping away from a challenge.

TPM: What questions did you have about gender, especially masculinity, as a young person? And how did you find the answers to those questions?

GC: I think I had been taught that if I liked boys, that was emasculating. My biggest question was, why did I feel a certain way towards people that are like me, and why does that affect my masculinity? I didn’t understand.

And I'll be completely honest, in terms of questions about gender, it wasn't until I became friends with people in the trans community and actually had real conversations with them that I began to understand gender in a much, much bigger way. So I think I'm still asking questions too, you know? I'm still curious.

TPM: What's a question you've asked recently about gender?

GC: Because I fit into one letter in this [LGBT] community, and because I'm also a white male, I think the biggest question that I have is: how can I help? I think we need to be listening more.

TPM: As I'm sure you know, not being "girly or gay" is one of the main ways we as a culture define manhood for boys. Were you called gay before you came out? Did you ever call anyone else gay as an insult? 

GC: I was born and raised in Oklahoma but in a pretty affluent suburb outside of Oklahoma City. A lot of people are like, "Oh, well, in Oklahoma it has to be extra horrible, right?" And my response is always that I don't think I experienced any more homophobia than any other kid growing up in an American white suburb. I used to get called "Gayson" on the playground. I was constantly called a “faggot.”

I played soccer when I was a kid. I didn't fully recognize that I was gay, but I knew that when people were calling me these things, it was a problem, and that it was going to affect my positioning within the social fabric of my school. So I would use my athletic ability as sort of a defense mechanism to show people and say, "You’re calling me a faggot on the playground and that's implying I'm a sissy. Well, let's go play sports and I'll show you how good I am on the field." That may be just distracted people and also kind of just held onto my own view of masculinity, at that time, when I was that young.

TPM: What's the most harmful thing you were taught about being a man that you’ve had to unlearn?

GC: You’re constantly taught that you have to be tough, you have been unbreakable. What about protective masculinity? What about pulling your friend aside and saying, "Hey, are you good? Are you okay?" To me, that's what makes a good man: Someone who is willing to throw a fist at the bar when they need to, but maybe not as the first reaction. I think it's just about redefining terms like “tough” and “strong.”

TPM: And do you attach those things to having a male body or to masculinity broadly? Like for example, could a woman have those same qualities?

GC: Yeah, I mean absolutely. I know women that are a lot more tough than I am and who are a lot better at executing these traits. I don't necessarily think it's exclusive. When we're talking about about, "Okay, what does it mean to be a good man?" Maybe it is a broader question of, "What does it mean to be a good f*cking human being," you know? Maybe that's what we need to be teaching more and less of, "Okay, here's what ‘masculine’ means. Here's what ‘feminine’ means." Let's just talk about how you protect your friends, how you protect your family, and how you be a good person.

TPM: Is there something you did as a boy because of male socialization that you now regret doing?

GC: If I'm being incredibly honest, in my first experiences with just meeting trans people, I said a lot of naïve things that I really wish I could take back. But at the same time, they were honest questions that I just really didn't know, you know? Now I just feel like the biggest idiot in the world. I think it took me a long time to recognize the connection between who I was and how my letter fit into LGBTQ+. I wish I would have been a bit wiser when I was younger, as we all probably do.

TPM: I watched the video of you performing Paparazzi as a kid and thinking about how, in our culture, that kind of vulnerability is really not rewarded at all in boys. You obviously were rewarded in certain ways, but did you have to deal with a backlash?

GC: I think, had I gone up there and danced and sang for the Gaga song, I think the reaction from the men and the boys in the room would have been a lot different. But here in Oklahoma, people really respect musicianship, you know? We like country music, we like people with guitars and with banjos who can f*cking get out and play an instrument and actually sing. And so I don't remember experiencing any reaction, minus a lot of adult males and boys in my school going, "It's really cool that you did that."

GOP Push Back to Amazon To Sell Conversion Therapy Books But A Doctor Warns Them



                                    


After Amazon announced it would ban controversial books on gay conversion therapy, a group of House Republicans has accused the company of censoring free speech. But as family physician Dr. Natasha Bhuyan tells Newsweek, it is doctors like her who are left to pick up the pieces when LGBT folk endure the discredited practice and suffer its side effects.

Earlier this month, the tech giant said it would stop selling books by late clinical psychologist Dr. Joseph Nicolosi, who claimed his so-called "reparative therapy" could stop people being attracted to members of the same sex. His books include titles like A Parent's Guide to Preventing Homosexuality and Reparative Therapy of Male Homosexuality. Such approaches are rejected by the medical community, with the American Psychological Association concluding in 2009 that there is insufficient evidence to back claims they can change sexual orientation.

According to a handout seen by Vice News, which the outlet said was shown at a private meeting in the Capitol, the Republican Study Committee accused Amazon of "choosing to censor speech."

"Catholic psychologist, author, and therapist Dr. Joseph Nicolosi (deceased) penned multiple books to assist men struggling with unwanted homosexual attractions, feelings, and lifestyles," the document read according to Vice News. Over 70 percent of GOP House members are part of the caucus, the website stated. The Republican Study Committee did not immediately respond to a request for comment from Newsweek or Vice.


In light of the reported pressure from the committee, Newsweek spoke to Dr. Natasha Bhuyan: a family physician in Phoenix, Arizona, that has treated multiple patients who have experienced gay conversion therapy. She told of how patients can struggle with health problems for years after their treatment stops—with some even taking their own lives.
therapy, counseling, mental health, stock, Getty.

A stock image of a girl undergoing therapy. Mock-therapy sessions can constitute so-called gay conversion therapy. 

What can gay conversion therapy involve, and what are some of the most extreme cases you have encountered?

Gay conversion therapy involves behavioral and psychological abuse to try to change LGBTQ people. Per the American Psychological Association, this has included talk therapy rooted in shame, electric shock therapy, hypnosis and even more extreme Pavlovian methods to induce vomiting from patients while showing them homoerotic images and snapping their wrists with a rubber band. These techniques have all been discredited and are extremely dangerous.

What are the risks associated with gay conversion therapy?

There are many proven risks to conversion therapy, including an increased risk of depression, anxiety, feelings of guilt, stress and even suicide. Gay conversion therapy can have a tremendous impact on day-to-day life, even leading to feelings of anger, a loss of friends or potential partners, self-hatred and emotional disconnection with future partners.

Do you agree that banning these books on Amazon is "censorship," as the Republican Study Committee claims? Do you think they should be banned? If so, why?

Dangerous and homophobic literature should be kept off the Amazon platform in the best interest of the safety of the public. Conversion therapy has proven, harmful effects on the long-term health of people who are LGBTQ, including increasing their risk of depression, anxiety, insomnia, suicide, and substance abuse.

How dangerous was Dr. Joseph Nicolosi? Is he notorious in the medical profession? Could he be compared to Andrew Wakefield, the discredited former doctor who falsely claimed the MMR vaccine causes measles?

Joseph Nicolosi does not have any prominence or notoriety in the medical community as his theories have been thoroughly debunked by science. He attempted to use science to lend credibility to an anti-LGBTQ movement; however, every mainstream medical organization (including the American Medical Association, the American Academy of Family Physicians and the American Psychiatric Association) has denounced his work. 

Dr. Natasha Bhuyan, a practicing family physician in Phoenix, AZ, who has treated multiple patients who have experienced years of negative effects of gay conversion therapy.
What have some of your own patients gone through?

One of my patients suffered from anxiety and depression as a result of conversion therapy. He grew up in the LDS (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) community and members of his faith organization encouraged his parents to pursue conversion therapy. He also ended up with a fractured family relationship and support.

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