Showing posts with label Doping. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Doping. Show all posts

July 24, 2016

Russian Doping Report Confirms Widespread Doping but…


but Russians will not be blanket banned.         Tomorrow’s news today at Adamfoxie*



Russian athletes have avoided a blanket ban from the Rio Olympics after the International Olympic Committee elected to allow individual sport federations to determine their role in state-sponsored doping.

The 387 members of the Russia team faced the prospect of a ban from the competition next month after a Wada report published details on a “culture” of systematic, state-sponsored doping

The IOC’s decision, revealed on Sunday afternoon, means the individual federations have 12 days to review each athletes’ conduct on a case-by-case basis in a defining moment of president Thomas Bach’s tenure on the committee.  

Richard McLaren on Russian investigation
Calls for a blanket ban had intensified with Olympic skeleton racer and British IOC member Adam Pengilly saying: “The scale, leadership and co-ordination of a system like this is arguably the most heinous crime possible against the Olympic movement.”

Swimmer Rebecca Adlington and hurdler Sally Gunnell are also among the signatories who have endorsed a letter sent by The Times newspaper to the IOC which urged them to ban Russia from Rio.

It follows a report commissioned by Wada and undertaken by Canadian lawyer Richard McLaren which reaffirmed allegations that the Russian sports ministry oversaw an expansive doping programme, including the manipulation of urine samples at the 2014 Winter Games in Sochi.

It additionally revealed that doping in 28 summer sports from 2011 to 2015 had also received state sponsorship. Bach said the findings showed a “shocking and unprecedented attack on the integrity of sports and on the Olympic Games” and declared the IOC “will not hesitate to take the toughest sanctions available against any individual or organization implicated.”

Background

The McLaren report's key findings
The Moscow Laboratory operated, for the protection of doped Russian athletes, within a State-dictated failsafe system, described in the report as the Disappearing Positive Methodology.
The Sochi Laboratory operated a unique sample swapping methodology to enable doped Russian athletes to compete at the Games.
The Ministry of Sport directed, controlled and oversaw the manipulation of athletes' analytical results or sample swapping, with the active participation and assistance of the FSB (the Russian federal security service), CSP, and both Moscow and Sochi Laboratories.
 independent.co.uk

Nation Doping Violators: ioc-will-allow-russians-that-dope-to compete

IOC Will Allow Russians that Dope to Compete. Here are the Doping Violators







Following allegations of a government-sponsored doping program, the International Olympic Committee has decided against a blanket ban on all Russians from the Rio Olympics, but instead will leave decisions on individual athletes' participation with their relevant sports federations. This decision comes after the World Anti-Doping agency and other anti-doping organizations recommended a ban on Russia's entire team.

Include the following visualizations to illustrate results from WADA’s report on doping in sports by country, as well as Russia's Olympic records.



April 5, 2015

For Non Cancer Pain Opioids Can Still Help Some



                                                                      
The American Academy of Neurology and other groups have found no solid evidence that opioids are effective for chronic noncancer pain, yet many patients with such pain swear that opioids are the only treatment that helps them.
We contacted pain management experts and a variety of healthcare professionals to ask:  Guideline Pros and Cons
James McGowan, MD: "On a whole, the use of chronic opiates over the last 20 years has done nothing to decrease rates of chronic pain in this country and very little to improve the lives of most patients who deal with chronic pain. At the same time, I do believe that some patients can experience long-term improvement in pain control and increased functioning with chronic opiates if these patients are carefully chosen and closely monitored. We swung the pendulum much too far in one direction with the use of opiates over the last 20 years, but I think we need to be very careful about swinging it too far in the opposite direction and completely abandoning the use of chronic opiates altogether. A balance must be struck in which judicious use of opiates in limited patient populations replaces widespread and unregulated usage."
Jack Freer, MD: "In general, the AAN position paper is a thoughtful and useful guide to the use of opioids in chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). In practice, however, it may be difficult for physicians to adhere to this kind of rigorous program. It is time consuming, since it requires an initial abuse risk assessment, individualized treatment contract, and ongoing monitoring with random urine testing. The regular re-evaluation of the treatment effectiveness needs to be function-oriented, and should, almost always, include other modalities (such as physical therapy). It also requires a physician to 'pull rank' and refuse requests to keep increasing the dose. A practitioner must be prepared to tell a patient (who says that the dose is inadequate), 'maybe this is not the right medicine for your pain.' Many physicians are not prepared to spend this time and energy and take one of two easier paths: either they become very loose in their prescribing of opioids, or they stop prescribing them altogether."
Lewis Nelson, MD: “These guidelines                
are well thought and provide a     balanced overview of the benefits and risks of using opioids for chronic pain. Unlike many other guidelines that focus more on efficacy of therapy, particularly on the reduction of pain, this AAN guideline highlights the importance of considering functional outcome. Further, the guideline better focuses on the safety of chronic opioid therapy, which carries significant risks, including addiction, overdose, and death, even with therapeutic use. In addition, the guideline captures the large public health burden, measured by both addiction treatment and mortality that has paralleled the rise in the use of such therapy."
Applications Across Specialties
Sabine Kost-Byerly, MD: "Patients may benefit from opioids to facilitate more effective physical therapy but if opioids make them too drowsy to participate, nothing has been gained. They may also benefit from opioids if recurrent reconstructive surgeries are needed after severe trauma. Pediatric and adolescent patients may receive opioids for weeks and sometimes months in these cases. It is important for providers to critically assess their patients during this time as it is all too easy for patients to seek the soothing effects of opioids to manage depressive symptoms that may have arisen due to their change in body image or prospects for an independent life. There is nothing wrong with acknowledging such feeling but opioids are the wrong drugs to treat them. "
Nelson: "In the emergency department I care for many patients being treated with chronic opioid therapy for a chronic pain syndrome. Most present for exacerbation of chronic pain, although complications related to the use of opioid therapy are a frequent reason as well. Management of chronic pain in the ED is complicated by the limited availability of a patient's medical record in the setting of nonobjective complaints (i.e., pain). Tolerance and hyperalgesia add to the complexity. However, the widespread use of prescription drug monitoring programs has allowed more judicious consideration of opioid use. In general, EDs do not prescribe the types of opioids most frequently used in this group of patients (those that are extended release or long acting)."
McGowan: "There are groups of patients whom I will sometimes treat with chronic opiates. In general, these are patients in whom I can clearly demonstrate an anatomic source of pain, such as severe arthritis, significant spinal degeneration, or a history of major trauma, as opposed to patients in whom the cause of pain is not easily identified. I will also consider opiates in patients with medical contraindications to other therapies, such as patients with severe arthritis who cannot take anti-inflammatories because of chronic kidney disease."
Prescribe with Caution                      

Kost-Byerly: "Although chronic pain in children is not as rare as we once thought, management of such pain with opioids actually remains rare, so rare that researchers have had a difficult time finding patients to evaluate the efficacy and safety of prolonged opioid therapy in younger patients. Most pharmacological therapy of chronic pain in children is based on studies performed in adults. Ideally, assessment and treatment of chronic pain in children and adolescents is interdisciplinary, including a number of healthcare providers such as the primary care physicians, physical therapists, behavioral psychologists, and for complex cases, pain specialists. Accordingly, limiting treatment to pharmacological interventions, including opioids, is often insufficient to help the patient."
McGowan: "I will usually avoid opiates in patients who seem fixated on opiates as 'the only thing that works' as opposed to those who are open to using other treatment modalities such as non-opiate medications, interventional pain techniques, and physical therapies. I also will generally avoid opiates in patients with history of misuse or abuse of prescription opiates, patients with other significant substance abuse problems, or patients with significant psychiatric issues. Although there is no 100% foolproof way to prevent bad outcomes with chronic opiates, I find that by sticking to these guidelines, chronic opiates can be used for the betterment of some patients.”

August 24, 2013

US Sprint Champion Tyson Gay is Just Tested Positive for Steroids


U.S. sprint champion Tyson Gay has been notified by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency that his sample tested positive for a banned steroid, according to the BBC Friday.
In a letter from USADA to Gay obtained by the BBC, the athlete was informed of an adverse analytical finding from a sample taken at the U.S. Championships, which also served as the world championship trials, in June.
The letter stated: "Using the Carbon Isotope Ratio Analysis it reported that the sample had an adverse analytical finding reflecting values that are consistent with the administration of a steroid of exogenous (external) nature."
The standard penalty for use of steroids, human growth hormone and other serious doping substances and methods is a two-year ban.

Gay announced in July he had tested positive for a banned substance and withdrew from the world championships, which were held earlier this month in Moscow. The result of the B sample test has not been released.
USADA released a statement Friday in response to questions about the positive test. "We appreciate Mr. Gay taking responsibility for his decisions and for voluntarily removing himself from the World Championships. As this is an ongoing case we have no other comment at this time," USADA CEO Travis Tygart said in a statement.
Gay won the 100 and 200-meter titles at the U.S. championships held in Des Moines in June. He said he tested positive in an out-of-competition test he took May 16. The Associated Press reported that he also failed a drug test at nationals.

July 16, 2013

Adidas Dumps Tyson Gay on Doping


Tyson Gay – AP
Tyson Gay – AP
(Melton Williams, Gleaner Writer)

Sportswear manufacturer Adidas has suspended its sponsorship of sprinter Tyson Gay after the American failed a drugs test.


An out-of-competition test completed by Gay in May tested positive, according to the US Anti-Doping Agency.

A spokesman for Adidas says the company is shocked by the recent allegations.

Thirty-year-old Gay is the joint-second fastest man ever over 100 metres.

He is also the fastest man in the world this year and won gold in the 100, 200 and 4x100 metres at the 2007 World Championships.

The sprinter is awaiting the results of his B sample.

Gay says he does not have a sabotage story as he basically put his trust in someone and was let down.

Gay says he is hoping to run again, but will take whatever punishment he gets like a man.

 Transcript of PBS News Hour on Gay Being Kicked Out on Doping:

GWEN IFILL: Now: new revelations on doping in sports and the fallout for one of America's best track and field runners.
The 30-year-old American sprinter Tyson Gay was off to a great start this season after being plagued by injuries in recent years. But on Friday, the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency, USADA, notified Gay that he had tested positive for an unnamed banned substance in May.
 Gay broke the news himself. 
In an Associated Press telephone interview, he said:
"I don't have any sabotage story. I don't have any lies. I basically put my trust in someone and I was let down."
It was quite an admission from the former world champion who previously subjected him to enhanced drug testing as part of USADA's My Victory program.
RELATED INFORMATION
Why Lance Armstrong May Be Coming Clean About PEDs

Gay talked about competing clean during a My Victory promotional video in 2008.
TYSON GAY, sprinter: I really believe in fairness, and, besides that, my mom would kill me.
GWEN IFILL: Gay's is the biggest U.S. track name linked to doping since Marion Jones tearfully admitted in 2007 to using performance-enhancing drugs.
MARION JONES, athlete: And so it is with a great amount of shame that I stand before you and tell you that I have betrayed your trust.
GWEN IFILL: It was also reported this weekend that five Jamaican athletes had failed drug tests, including Asafa Powell, a former world record holder in the 100-meter dash, and Sherone Simpson, an Olympic relay gold medalist.
Last month, another Jamaican gold medalist, Veronica Campbell Brown, tested positive as well. All three have denied cheating.
As for Tyson Gay, he has withdrawn from next month's world championships in Moscow and today he lost his Adidas endorsement deal.
For more about Tyson Gay and the issues this raises, we are joined by Christine Brennan, a sports journalist and columnist for USA Today and ABC.
Welcome back.
CHRISTINE BRENNAN, USA Today: Thanks, Gwen.
GWEN IFILL: So, how big a blow is this to track and field?
CHRISTINE BRENNAN: Oh, I think it's huge.
Tyson Gay was known as Mr. Clean. This is a man who went on the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency Web site, Gwen, and said, I am clean. If I'm not, my mother will kill me.
Well, mom is not happy today, obviously. He went and professed that he is one of the athletes to trust and believe in. He is 30 years old. His whole career has been about this.
And now he has tested positive. It is a devastating blow for the sport, a sport that's already been reeling over the years from Ben Johnson in '88, Marion Jones 10 years ago, and now this. And you really wonder if it is kind of taking and pushing the sport into oblivion.
GWEN IFILL: How about the U.S. track and field in particular? I want to separate that out from what we also heard is happening with Jamaican runners.
CHRISTINE BRENNAN: Right.
Well, USA track and field has really never been the same after some of the scandals, even though Ben Johnson was Canadian. But you can remember the days -- sports fans certainly can -- when track and field athletes would be on the cover of "Sports Illustrated" three, four, five times a year many.
The names Marty Liquori and Jim Ryun, milers. The Penn Relays were a big deal. This is lore and legend of another generation. But it was a big-time sport. And it has fallen so far. And I think it's really, other than cycling, a sport that has been hit the hardest in the United States and around the world, but U.S., because of the steroid scandals.
If you can't -- if you're looking at a footrace and if you can't trust eight men or eight women running in a footrace, what can you trust? And then why should you watch?
GWEN IFILL: Well, you mentioned cycling. How does this compare to what we saw unfold slowly, painfully over years with Lance Armstrong?
CHRISTINE BRENNAN: Great question, obviously different issues, because here you have got the one huge name, Lance Armstrong, who lied for years, who also transcended his sport because of his work in the cancer community.
GWEN IFILL: Right.
CHRISTINE BRENNAN: So, he was an icon, a cultural icon, not just a sports icon. Tyson Gay that is not that, is not Lance Armstrong.
But I think there's a similarity there. People looking at cycling and saying, why am I watching this? How can I trust this? When you have got all those years of -- and when Lance is kicked out and no one can take the top spot because they all cheated too. And you almost wonder if track and field is there.
GWEN IFILL: What is the punishment for Tyson Gay?
CHRISTINE BRENNAN: If he is found to be guilty, a two-year ban, and then it would be lifetime after that, so first offense, two years and second -- now, there can be mitigating circumstances. And we don't yet know if there was a supplement that was tainted.
But the bottom line is he's responsible for what's in his body.
GWEN IFILL: And has said as much. He has said he is not going to lie about this.
CHRISTINE BRENNAN: And that is admirable.
In the midst of this terrible turn of events for him and for his sport, he has been honest and said -- at least we believe he's honest -- saying, hey, I'm not going to point fingers. I'm not going to say I was sabotaged. I did this myself. I trusted someone.
Bottom line on Tyson Gay or any athlete, Gwen, is they have to know what they put in their body. It is inexcusable to take a substance and not know the contents. You can call the 24/7 800-number from the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency and ask about any chemical at any point.
GWEN IFILL: You cover a lot of this, Chris, and you must know after all the years of watching these, people rise and the disappointments, that a lot of sports fans look at this and think, who do I trust? What do I trust anymore? What is the answer to that question?
CHRISTINE BRENNAN: It is a great question, because the testing in the Olympic world is the toughest going.
So while we talk about baseball and the problems there, and looming scandal and looming suspensions with the Biogenesis saga there, we talk about other sports that don't even have as stringent testing as the Olympics or baseball, you say at least Olympics have tough testing, and then you see this.
And the reality is Marion Jones never failed a drug test and she is sadly one of the worst cheaters of all times, and Lance Armstrong never failed a drug test. It's hard to look people in the eye and say, what can you trust anymore?
I would like to say swimming. I would like to say you could trust Missy Franklin, you could trust Michael Phelps. But we all know, as we live here, we were not born yesterday, that you start to wonder. I'm not saying Michael Phelps or Missy Franklin, but you start to wonder about anything just because of the nature and the level.
Bad chemists, Gwen, are way ahead of the good chemists in this case.
GWEN IFILL: Business as usual now for elite athletes to dope?
CHRISTINE BRENNAN: It seems like, as I said, bad chemists way ahead of the good chemists, the sense that there's designer drugs that we haven't of, that the authorities haven't even begun to test for because they don't know they exist that these athletes might be taking.
It's a very sad -- this is a devastating blow when Mr. Clean, the guy who stood up there and said I am clean, now has tested positive, and the Jamaicans as well.
I would like to say there are some positive aspects or hope, but tougher drug testing has to be the answer and athletes who finally decide they can't cheat anymore.
GWEN IFILL: So disappointing.
CHRISTINE BRENNAN: It is.
GWEN IFILL: Christine Brennan, USA Today and ABC, thank you so much.
CHRISTINE BRENNAN: Gwen, thank you

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